The Syrian conflict is a war of many sides. Here's a rundown of the key players.
If journal editors fail to retract or properly flag data revealed as inaccurate, they leave open the possibility that it'll be cited for years to come.
The government is planning to take part in military action in Syria. But does it need MPs to consent beforehand?
The legal standards for military intervention are complicated and highly specific. It's not clear an attack on Syria would meet them.
Saddled with a repressive government that cuts their wages in the name of austerity, Iraq's Kurds are demanding something better.
After the US invasion brought their dictator down, Iraqis' everyday lives were marked by chaos and violence.
Egyptians' revolutionary demands for 'bread, freedom and social justice' are a distant memory.
Decentralization in the Middle East and North Africa is supposed to lead to greater public representation in municipal politics. In fact, it is largely strengthening authoritarianism.
The Trump administration may believe they have the key to an Israeli-Palestinian peace agreement – when others have failed. But it ignores how Israelis and Palestinians feel about such an agreement.
With Iran and India on manoeuvres and the war in Yemen still unfolding, Pakistan's stakes in the Middle East are as high as ever.
Renewed attention is being given to the issue of child marriage in Lebanon as increasing numbers of young refugee girls are being married off as a response to the conflict and forced displacement.
Was the early conception of IS a branching-out of the old Baath party? Or was it, as some argue, completely separate with no connection at all? Reality is probably a bit of a mix of both.
One way of improving e-government usage could be for the Lebanese government to work better the locally elected agent.
The events of summer 2011 proved that Israel incubates the same sort of socio-economic discontent that upended the wider Middle East.
Many Yemeni women are not victims of war or just escaping or hiding. In many and contrasting ways they are actively supporting it, and not only on humanitarian grounds.
Outside observers are keen to declare the Syrian conflict almost over. It is anything but.
With a single cut in donations to a UN agency, Donald Trump has abandoned another norm of US foreign policy. The consequences could be disastrous.
With a hollowed-out agenda and a cynical attitude to corruption, Iran's reformist forces have squandered their people's trust.
Iran's main opposition is loath to embrace a new wave of protesters. It may soon have no choice.
The nationwide anti-government protests in Iran could have significant implications in Syria and beyond.