Too many people are spurning democracy and being seduced by propaganda, fake news and political strongmen. This First World War poster shows a giant Gibson Girl as the symbol of democracy, punching a German soldier resembling Hindenburg.
Many citizens are searching for certainty and control in uncertain times. But that means too many are spurning democracy and being seduced by fake news and political strongmen. Democracy needs our help.
Winston Churchill projected British ‘qualities’ to Europeans during World War II.
Gimas via Shutterstock
Many positive "qualities" associated with the British character and institutions can be traced to wartime propaganda.
Look out for Russian influence.
European countries, especially the Baltic states of Estonia, Latvia and Lithuania, have confronted Russian disinformation campaigns for decades. The US can learn from their experience.
What dangerous experiences lurk behind the use of this trackpad?
Protect yourself from hackers, trolls, bots, social media executives and programmers in need of ethics training.
The government’s website for FARA.
The initial aim of the 1937 Foreign Agents Registration Act was long forgotten: the prosecution of Nazis for interfering with American democracy. But that law is startlingly relevant to the US now.
Beware the strings attached to social media
and smartphone use.
Academic research highlights the dangers – personal and societal – of giving too much time and attention to social media.
Under fire, but not without options.
AP Photo/Francois Mori
Without much delay, Facebook and Twitter could make significant changes to limit political manipulation and propaganda. Will they? And will users ask it of the social media giants?
Image courtesy of IWM
It's beautiful, clever and moving. But Peter Jackson's use of colour and added sound essentially fictionalises this account of life in the trenches.
Social media misinformation rose significantly before the 2016 presidential election.
The Iffy Quotient measured misinformation on social media in the run-up to the recent elections. Facebook has gotten better at combating untrustworthy links, but Twitter still struggles.
Bolshevik leaders Nikolai Lenin and Leon Trotsky.
Forged documents were used by the US government 100 years ago to justify hostile actions against Russia. All but one US newspaper accepted the government's propaganda. The lessons for today are stark.
Monument to the Soviet Army in Sofia, Bulgaria, painted overnight on February 24 2014 by unknown activists in solidarity with anti-Russian protests in Ukraine.
The Soviet programme of building war memorials in Eastern Bloc countries was a bid to win the hearts and minds of future generations.
Cyberattacks target Americans’ thinking.
Russian hackers are coupling old propaganda strategies with new technologies to attack and exploit not just computers and stored data, but how people think.
Outside forces pushed the American people farther apart.
Cybersecurity experts in the US knew about Russian intelligence agencies' activities, but may not have had any idea how comprehensive and integrated they were – until now.
‘Fake news’ is a meaningless term that is used for anti-democratic propaganda. We should all stop using it.
Protesters from the MDC-Alliance march in Harare demanding electoral reforms.
Zimbabwe's upcoming elections potentially marks the start of a new order in the country, where the stakes are extremely high.
Platforms for radicalisation?
Companies, such as Google, Facebook and Microsoft are working together to take down terrorist propaganda.
People who share potential misinformation on Twitter (in purple) rarely get to see corrections or fact-checking (in orange).
Shao et al.
Information on social media can be misleading because of biases in three places – the brain, society and algorithms. Scholars are developing ways to identify and display the effects of these biases.
During the war, the poster on the left, painted by J. Howard Miller, was only on display for only two weeks. Norman Rockwell’s, on the other hand, was seen by millions.
Nick Lehr/The Conversation
During the war, few Americans actually saw the 'Rosie the Riveter' poster that's become a cultural icon.
From left to right: Prince Oguguo, Carol Margaret Bitner, Sharon Crost, Michelle Mielly and Gazi Islam at the Grenoble Ecole de Management’s “Oxford-style debate”, part of the school’s 10th geopolitics festival.
As part of the Grenoble École de Management’s 2018 Geopolitics Festival, four scholars explored the art of debate -- an antidote for toxic conversations in the fake-news era.
A North Korean newscaster reports on the Inter-Korean summit during an April 28 broadcast.
Korean Central Television
The reclusive country’s media is tightly controlled and choreographed. But a close look at the tone and focus of the coverage can shed light on the regime’s priorities and resolve.