Despite a breakthrough on boundaries in the Timor Sea, the crucial question of how the shared oil and gas are to be developed remains unresolved.
Timor-Leste's vibrant democracy is seen as a bright light in a troubled region, but political instability could threaten the progress it has made.
Despite the passionate for which they are usually fought, independence movements are rarely successful and their outcomes less than hoped for.
A 2006 treaty governing the A$40 billion Greater Sunrise oil and gas fields has been a source of contention for a number of years.
A conflict over the maritime border between the two countries has considerable implications for Timor-Leste’s future security, and its viability as an independent sovereign state.