Analysis and Comment

It’s not for doctors, researchers or other commentators to decide whether the risks of menopausal hormone therapy outweigh the benefits for individual women. racorn/Shutterstock

Here’s what you need to know about menopausal hormone therapy and cancer risk

The use of hormone replacement therapy (HRT) doubles the risk of breast cancer in menopausal women. But that doesn't mean it has no place in alleviating moderate to severe symptoms of menopause.

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Pain doesn’t originate at the site as most think, it’s created by the brain so we protect the area that’s in danger. from

Explainer: what is pain and what is happening when we feel it?

Pain scientists are reasonably agreed that pain is an unpleasant feeling in our body that makes us want to stop and change our behaviour.


HIV transmission

We don’t know Charlie Sheen’s specific medical details. But HIV treatment is effective at reducing transmission. Mike Segar/Reuters

Explainer: what is the risk of transmitting HIV?

Charlie Sheen’s recent announcement that he has HIV has raised concerns about whether he may have transmitted the infection to other people.


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