Articles on AIDs

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Decriminalisation allowed sex workers to step out of the shadows and into active participation in public life. Scarlett Alliance/Author provided

The right to bare arms: the history of Australian sex worker activism

Full decriminalisation of sex work is advocated by many health and human rights organisations around the world. Sex workers in New South Wales kick-started the process 40 years ago.
The most important blood borne viruses for human health are the human immunodeficiency virus (HIV), Hepatitis B and Hepatitis C. from www.shutterstock.com.au

Why are only some viruses transmissible by blood and how are they actually spread?

Why is it only some viruses are transmissible by blood, and how does the virus actually move from person to person?
Recent improvements in medical management of HIV infection are not well understood in the legal sector. www.shutterstock.com

Australian law needs a refresher on the science of HIV transmission

HIV diagnosis is devastating for patients and their families. But the infection is no longer a death sentence, and should not be prosecuted as such say experts.
PrEP works by preventing susceptible cells becoming infected with HIV. Truvada blocks the HIV virus from making copies of itself. Marc Bruxelle/Shutterstock

Weekly Dose: Truvada, the drug that can prevent HIV infection

Efficacy is estimated to be as high as 99% in men who have sex with men who take Truvada daily.
Simplicity of delivery will be critical if a ‘cure’ is going to be deliverable in the parts of the world where HIV is endemic. ktsdesign/Shutterstock

Remind me again, how close are we to a cure for HIV?

Curing HIV – or at least achieving long-term remission – is possible, under the right circumstances.
Glass sculpture representation of Human Immunodeficiency Virus structure. LabLit/flickr

Antibody injections could be stepping stone to HIV vaccine

A new animal study has shown injections of antibodies might protect against HIV infection, albeit for only a limited time.
Treatment has transformed the outlook for people living with HIV from almost certain death to a manageable chronic condition. Athit Perawongmetha/Reuters

The scientific journey of AIDS from despair to cautious hope

Despite the breakthroughs in HIV and AIDS research, without an effective vaccine, the world will not get to zero new infections and deaths.
Telling people to use a condom won’t prevent HIV because some women can’t convince their partner to use them. Mike Segar/Reuters

We need more than condoms to prevent HIV in women

Used properly and consistently, condoms are the most effective, affordable, and low-tech way to prevent HIV. But unfortunately, condoms are not an easy option for everyone – particularly women.
Improving maternal mortality and ending preventable deaths in children are some of the health targets in the Sustainable Development Goals. Department of Foreign Affairs and Trade/Flickr

More is less? Health in the Sustainable Development Goals

Health has secured its place as one of the 17 Sustainable Development Goals. But without clear mechanisms to report, finance or engage other sectors, could more end up as less?
Sexual contact between men remains the main route of HIV transmission. Aristocrats-hat/Flickr

Five reasons why HIV infections in Australia aren’t falling

Despite health promotion campaigns and a concerted effort to make antiretroviral therapy more accessible, the number of new HIV cases in Australia has remained stable over the last three years.

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