Liberal women such as those in the Morrison ministry, pictured here, should organise to achieve structural change - the only kind that ever sticks.
The Liberal Party is at a crossroad in its history. It must take bold steps to ensure better representation in its ranks by introducing gender quotas.
Liberal backbenchers Julia Banks and Julie Bishop during question time in parliament.
New research shows that conservative voters generally fail to see how being female can impede political success, while left-of-centre voters list gender as the main obstacle to success.
The Liberal Party room is dominated – and increasingly so over the past generation – by male MPs who anoint leaders in their own image.
Other conservatives parties in the Western world have done better on female representation than the Liberals - the party needs a gender quota and to rid itself of its right-wing thugs.
Examples from Ireland and New Zealand show that, unless determined measures are taken, masculine political cultures will ensure the gender imbalance remains.
O'Dwyer is establishing a fighting fund to bolster female representation in the Liberal party.
Money no doubt will be useful, but it won't be enough to significantly boost the number of Liberal women in federal parliament.
Malcolm Turnbull announces changes to the Ministerial Code of Conduct in the wake of the Barnaby Joyce affair.
Malcolm Turnbull’s acknowledgement of gendered power imbalances in parliament reveals that the gendered nature of politics is under challenge.
Paul Keating drove a policy agenda that had been rallied after the 1993 victory.
After 1993, Paul Keating became ever-more dominant in cabinet policy discussions to ensure a legacy for the Labor government.
There are five women in the Turnbull government cabinet, making up just 24% of members.
Setting targets is one way to attain more female MPs, but it must be accompanied by cultural change.
Healthcare workers tend to think that women are better than men at the job and that there is a bias in favour of women.
The effect of gender quotas on an organisation's performance depends on employee's attitude towards quotas, which in turn depends on the labour market environment.
Despite its progressive nature, The Age newspaper has never had a female editor-in-chief.
Women remain systemically underrepresented at the top levels of Australia's most powerful institutions – including the media, universities, government, judiciary and corporate sector.
Labour MPs gather ahead of their women’s conference.
Stefan Rousseau / PA Archive
Are quotas the best way to challenge sexism and discrimination in politics and workplaces?
Most of Australia’s women federal MPs sit on the opposition benches of parliament.
Australia is lagging behind other countries in adopting practical measures to achieve gender balance in public decision-making.
The Coalition has just 13 women MPs, including cabinet ministers Julie Bishop and Michaelia Cash.
Without quotas to correct the effects of these gender biases, the under-representation of women Coalition MPs is effectively guaranteed.
Women still need male champions.
David Morrison being unofficially anointed a "Warrior for Women", reflects the belief that women need male champions in order to succeed.