The history of malaria prevalence in Africa is a long term cycle of highs and lows. However, there's been little change in the high transmission belt that covers parts of West and Central Africa.
Stronger malaria prevention like a vaccine is urgently needed for effective response in endemic regions.
Eliminating malaria in Africa has been held back by a range of factors, including a lack of funds and drug and insecticide resistance challenges.
The simple use of a net intended to curb malaria by fishers has become a classic conservation problem.
Anopheles arabiensis is the world's most common, malaria-carrying mosquito. Now it's emerged that chickens emit an odour that can repel the deadly insects.
Scientists have discovered a second new compound that could eventually be developed into a medicine to help eradicate malaria.