The climate is startlingly complex, as is the immune system.
Diverse threads of the vast interrogation of nature we call science are coming together in a rich and mutually informative intellectual tapestry.
Working bee colonies.
Elina L. Nino
Honey bees, which pollinate many valuable crops, are threatened by parasites, pesticides and development. But selective breeding, more benign pesticides and better nutrition could help turn the tide.
A hoverfly on a sunflower.
Next time you reach for the honey, spare a thought for the other vital insects that pollinate our crops.
A beekeeper uses smoke to calm bees in a Langstroth hive.
Bees and humans share a long history. But now bee populations are in a worrying decline. So can beekeeping teach us how to live in harmony with the world's most famous pollinator?
It's difficult to individually track tiny insects but researchers think they've found a way to harness a bee's own energy.
Sunflowers contain less protein than aloe plants and bees need more of this.
Nutrition is another factor - in addition to pesticides and bee disease - that has led to the dwindling of the global bee population.
The African honeybee is more resistant to pests and pathogens than its European counterparts.
The way the Africa honeybee's deal with parasites and pathogens can teach western beekeepers and researchers how to adapt their bees to fight diseases.
A honeybee in the Cape region where the American Foulbrood disease is having devastating effects.
American Foulbrood is causing serious damage to the bee population in the Western Cape.
Not all bees are honeybees. This is a green ‘sweat’ bee.
Data from all over the globe suggest that bees are in decline, and we may lose a lot more than honey if bees are unable to cope with the changing climate and increasing demand for agricultural land.
Research shows monocultures of crops - such as this canola field - can be bad for the environment.
Monocultures - vast expanses of a single crop - may look pretty, but mounting research shows they are likely bad for environment. And in turn that's bad news for farms as well.
After the pesticides we spray, who will be left flying?
The UK government is prepared to accept funding for studies on the risks of pesticides to bees and other pollinators from the manufacturers of the chemicals in question. Not surprisingly, this raises uncomfortable…
Honeybees may have an advantage over other pollinators – caffeine improves performance. The findings, from Newcastle University…