Local people at Tendaguru (Tanzania) excavation site in 1909 with Giraffatitan fossils.
Wikimedia Commons/Public domain
Africa has one of the world's richest fossil records, and evidence suggests that amateurs collected really important fossils long before professionals arrived on the scene.
The stone flakes are flying, but what brain regions are firing?
Shelby S. Putt
We can't observe the brain activity of extinct human species. But we can observe modern brains doing the things that our distant ancestors did, looking for clues about how ancient brains worked.
When new discoveries are jealously guarded under lock and key, science suffers.
A century-old case of scientific fraud illustrates how hard it is to untangle the truth when access to new discoveries is limited.
Professor Kasimir Popkonstantinov and the marble reliquary that potentially held John the Baptist’s bones.
Here's what DNA analysis of relics purported to be from Jesus or his family can actually tell us.
The abandoned medieval village of Wharram Percy, where fears of the walking dead were acted out.
Historic England Archive
Whatever drove villagers to dig up the dead and mutilate their corpses may seem to strange to us, but it was evidently real for them.
The San’s arrows may look dainty, but when tipped with poison they are lethal for hunting.
The early use of poison is one more indicator of an advanced repertoire of behavioural and technological traits that have characterised our species from the earliest times.
The so-called ‘prison tree’: over time, myth has coalesced into a ‘fact’ for which there is no evidence.
There is no evidence to support the marketing of an ancient boab in Western Australia as a tree that once held Aboriginal prisoners. The story is a myth that elides the tree's deep significance to Indigenous people.
The Last Kingdom. BBC/Carnival/Des Wille
New research suggests his military achievements might have been exaggerated.
A Yanomami woman cultivates a medicinal tree.
William Milliken, RBG Kew
New research shows how ancient rainforest cultures have left their mark on today's plantlife.
Gold torc found in Staffordshire.
oe Giddens/PA Wire/PA Images
Torcs found in the Staffordshire hills can reveal a lot about Iron Age society.
White House spokesman Sean Spicer and senior advisor Kellyanne Conway chat.
How do we determine what is fact? An archaeologist explains how the answer has changed over time and why it matters so much now.
What’s north would become south.
Are we headed to a magnetic reversal and all the global disruption that would bring? Enter archaeomagnetism. A look at the archaeological record in southern Africa provides some clues.
Marcoo was a 1.4 kilotonne ground-level nuclear test carried out at Maralinga in 1956. The contaminated debris was buried at this site in the 1967 clean-up known as Operation Brumby.
History is writ large in the remote areas around Woomera and the Nullarbor: from the fossils of microscopic, cell-like creatures to ancient stone tools to the deitrus of rocket tests and the painful legacy of the Maralinga atomic blasts.
Children representing the diversity of contemporary multicultural Australia stand near a sign depicting an ‘idealised’ white Australia. Blackwood Recreation Centre, South Australia, 2015.
Photo: C. Smith
How might an Aboriginal person in the Northern Territory experience racism? There are many material signs that can make a person feel excluded from society.
Alongside a road, under the ground a medieval manor lies waiting.
ender4000/Lost City of Trellech
Ploughing his life savings into buying the land under which the lost city lies, Stuart Wilson has made a once-in-a-lifetime discovery.
Third-year archaeology student Dominic Coe replicates a painting of rhino based on the original image in France’s Grotte Chauvet.
In an ideal world, students might visit original cave sites to see ancient paintings in their natural setting. This isn't possible, so the idea of an artificial cave set-up at a university was born.
The 2007 midwinter solstice illumination of the main altar tabernacle of Old Mission San Juan Bautista, California.
Rubén G. Mendoza/Ancient Editions
At many Spanish missions in the US and Latin America, the rising sun illuminates the altar on the winter solstice or other symbolic days. To the faithful, these events meant that Christ was with them.
Mysterious lumps found at the bottom of a 7th-century burial ship have turned out to be bitumen from the Middle East. But how did they get there?
Virtual reality model of the west wall of the guild chapel, Stratford on Avon.
© University of York
Due to recent restoration, the paintings are clearer than they have ever been over the last 600 years.
A better review of the cultural heritage might have prevented the face-off over the Dakota Access Pipeline.
AP Photo/James MacPherson
What sacred sites have been damaged by The North Dakota Access Pipeline? We can't really know for certain – and our legal system is partly to blame.