In Africa mediation mandates are typically contained in resolutions passed by the UN the AU or sub-regional bodies that attempt to resolve conflicts.
Mediation is common in Africa but there hasn't been enough emphasis on how it affects the outcome of peace negotiations.
South Sudan’s President Salva Kiir signs a peace agreement in the capital Juba, on August 26, 2015.
The Sudanese government and its armed opposition are both unhappy with the ceasefire they signed. Senior military officers have also publicly voiced their disapproval of the induced deal.
Yahya Jammeh, president of Gambia, addresses the United Nations in September 2014. The dictator is notorious for human rights violations.
President Jammeh has ruled Gambia with an iron fist since he seized power more than two decades years ago. He is responsible for gross human rights abuses, yet he hosts Africa's human rights watchdog.