Thomas Woodrow Wilson (1856-1934)
America finds itself in uncharted territory under Donald Trump – not least when it comes to climate change and Israel policy.
These days neither the public nor governments consider passports as a serious obstacle to freedom of movement.
In the 20th century, governments considered the “total abolition” of passports as an important goal and discussed the issue in several international conferences.
The century since the first world war is littered with the broken promises of Muslim rulers to bring about a transition to more representative forms of government.
The rise of Islamic State and its declaration of the caliphate can be read as part of a wider story that has unfolded since the formation of modern nation states in the Muslim world.