Researchers have identified a specific difference shared by most (but not all) brains of people who had autism.
One of the big questions in autism research is whether autism is a single disorder or many different disorders that happen to present in the same way.
Children living in tropical countries and in poverty often have high rates of infection with the scabies mite.
Although a drug of known safety and efficacy is available, scabies still affects more than 100 million people across the world.
Up to one in ten infants have a proven food allergy.
New research published today shows the early introduction of egg (from four to six months) and peanuts (from four to 11 months) is linked to lower rates of egg and peanut allergy.
Two-thirds of children have already received antibiotics by the time they are one year old.
If you have a ten-month-old baby, what do you need to know? What do you need to ask your GP about the benefits and risks of antibiotics?
Night terrors and nightmares are very different things and need to be managed differently.
Before we can understand night terrors and nightmares, we need to understand normal sleep.
Parents of very preterm infants are at far higher risk of depression and anxiety than parents of healthy full-term babies.
Reuters/Carlos Garcia Rawlins
A new baby is life-changing for all parents, but for those whose babies are born too early, the challenges can be immense.
This birth defect has such a stigma because it can be related to having a smaller-than-usual penis.
Hypospadias is a malformation of the penis, present from birth, where the opening of the urethra is misplaced somewhere along the underside of the penis instead of being at the tip.
RCH patient, Miles, working with NAO.
The advent of social robots is giving rise to new possibilities in paediatric health care. But will they replace human specialists?
There’s something in the tree air and it’s good for you.
There's something in the air that actually has health benefits when you take time to walk among the plants and trees. What that is exactly is still being studied by scientists.
Even just taking a long hot bath, alone, once a week, reduced the risk of postnatal depression.
Supporting new mothers to make weekly "time for themselves" in the first six months after giving birth may reduce the prevalence of postnatal depression.
Is he really guilty if he had a genetic predisposition towards impulsive behaviour?
Biology is out of our control but can influence our behaviour. But should people be given shorter sentences because of their genes?
A new treatment for achondroplasia is helping to transform many kids’ lives.
A collaboration between research and industry has produced a promising new drug that could transform many childrens' lives. It's also a case study in innovation done right.
Family resemblance isn’t only down to genes, but also to the influence of the environment on those genes.
Epigenetics is increasingly used as a buzzword to sell pseudoscientific products, but the truth of epigenetics is even more interesting – and complex – than the quacks claim.
Health is one of the nine Science and Research Priorities announced by hte government.
Australia spends around 10% of GDP on health, so it's imperative that our research strategies also generate economic benefits.
Epigenetic molecules play a different melody on different people’s genomes, and this might be contributing to some developing autism.
The epigenetic 'musicians' that play our genomes in different ways might help us understand the causes of autism.
Children love interactive devices and can’t recall a time without them, so it may be best to manage rather than ban them.
Despite occasional panic about the negative impact they may be having on children's social and intellectual development, interactive devices give parents a much-needed break and can benefit kids.
Another myth is that we all look like this.
U.S. Army RDECOM/Flickr
As scientific researchers, we are often surprised by some of the assumptions made about us by those outside our profession. So we put together a list of common myths we and our colleagues have heard anecdotally…
Babies can learn to self settle through controlled crying.
Every evening, parents across Australia hope their babies will sleep through the night. Many won’t. That’s where controlled comforting, or controlled crying might help. Contrary to some claims, this is…
Domesticated mammals, including dogs, share a number of characteristic features.
Take a look at several domesticated mammal species and you might spot a number of similarities between them, including those cute floppy ears. The famous naturalist and evolutionary theorist Charles Darwin…
The proportion of women experiencing depressive symptoms is higher among mothers of four-year-olds, than among mothers with a newborn baby.
Becoming a parent is a journey into unchartered waters – the physical and emotional demands of looking after a newborn are exhausting and constant. Not surprisingly, depression and anxiety are common among…