A drug needs to pass quite a few hurdles before it gets to the market.
The Conversation/Wes Mountain
Only around 10% of new drugs in development make it onto the market. A drug needs to go through animal trials, and then four phases of human trials to be deemed suitable for use in patients.
Randomisation is the only commonly accepted method of ensuring an unbiased estimate of the treatment effect.
The Conversation/Wes Mountain
A randomised controlled trial is the best way to compare a new treatment with the standard treatment. And randomising trial participants is a core feature of the experiment.
Compliance with firearms legislation requires co-operation between lawmakers, police, gun dealers, and those with a legitimate interest in using firearms.
Gun control in Australia is not a black-and-white issue, and it's time we had a public debate that reflected that fact.
A Senate committee has made the right decision by rejecting the Fair Work Commissions recommendations to slash penalty rates - here's why.
Heidi Mellington, performing here with Anthony Smith in Dizzygothica in 2007, has spoken about the importance of a supportive local music scene for emerging artists.
Depite new technologies for music dissimination, EDM artists located in cities have access to resources not available in non-metropolitan areas.
Not all young children want – or are able – to sleep at the same time.
Mandatory sleep times in early childhood settings do not work for children, educators or parents, and need to change.
Detecting the errors in data is one thing, but correction them is still possible at the quantum computing level.
One of the challenges for quantum computing is knowing how to detect and correct errors that may occur in the data. And we can do that without even knowing what the data says.
Dissociative identity disorder is a serious and valid mental illness.
Dissociative identity disorder - previously known as multiple personality disorder - occurs when a child's development is disrupted by trauma, preventing them forming a strong sense of self.
Q1 on the Gold Coast is currently Australia’s tallest building.
Tall buildings are an increasing feature of Australia's city landscapes, although they're still relatively small compared to overseas. But is there a limit on how high we can build?
An impression of what it could have looked like: a giant lizard, Megalania, stalks a herd of migrating Diprotodon, while a pair of massive megafaunal kangaroos look on.
Studies of the fossil teeth of the three-tonne Diprotodon have revealed the now-extinct beast was Australia's only known seasonally migrating marsupial.
An F/A-18 Hornet breaking the sound barrier.
Fly-bys by RAAF Super Hornets and army helicopters are a noisy finale to the Brisbane Festival. While many find this sound awe-inspiring, what of those with lived experience of war?
In any non-compulsory poll, anything that deters people from voting is a concern.
AAP Image/Sam Mooy
Most people have probably already made up their mind which way to vote in the same sex marriage postal survey. But the recent SMS campaign may distract some from even voting.
The same-sex marriage postal ballot forms have been posted to Australians on the electoral roll.
There is a strong and statistically significant association between respondents’ cognitive ability and their support for equal rights between same- and different-sex couples.
Dying at home isn’t necessarily a good death.
There are some myths about dying that perhaps unexpectedly harm the dying person and deserve scrutiny.
Mitochondria live inside our cells but have a different genome. Here’s why.
To explain why we have a mitochondria, we have to go back about two billion years to a time when none of the complexity of life as we see it today existed.
What may be deemed in the public interest today may not be so in a decade’s time.
Despite arguments that it is too loose, ambiguous and easy to hide behind, the 'public interest' is an integral part of the discourse, law, regulation and governance of modern democracies.
The NASA satellite Landsat-8 collects frequent global multispectral imagery of the Earth’s surface.
Weather forecasting, bushfire management, power and water supply: Australia relies on earth observations to the tune of A$5 billion a year. But we have very little control over the data we get.
An old coal-burning power plant in China.
Amu Coal a Kenyan and Chinese consortium is set to build a coal plant in an area untouched by industrial development. The emissions alone will double the country’s energy sector's CO2 emissions.
There is hyperbole in the way evidence for welfare drug testing is being presented.
DAVE HUNT/AAP Image
Most of the evidence drawn on by critics of the trial comes from places that have implemented such programs. So, have they worked?
Smart home technology, such as cameras, could be used as part of domestic violence.
Can we use smart home data to better identify and report abusers, while protecting victims of domestic and family violence?