Some of the equipment used during a Pap smear procedure. Pap smears are at the centre of the South African government’s cervical cancer prevention strategy, despite it yielding little success.
South Africa's cervical cancer strategy has not yielded great results. Despite this, the country has still not opted for an alternative screening methods.
One of Kitching’s original find of eggs, after being prepared by Diane Scott.
The secrets of the embryonic dinosaurs whose parents roamed South Africa 200 million years ago are finally in the process of being hatched.
The nursing profession has a profound shortage of nurses, which is compounded by nurses who moonlight, work overtime or work for agencies.
Nurses who moonlight admit they feel too tired to work and don't provide the best quality of care on duty.
When children are bombarded with outside noises, it becomes harder to hear in class – and to learn.
Chronic environmental noise, like cars zooming past or airplanes overhead, can make children struggle with reading comprehension and affect their memory.
A protestor at a demonstration against rape. Rape statistics collected by the police do not reflect the high levels of under-reporting.
South Africa needs a new rape policy that will change the way the police collect statistics.
The challenge for new African Development Bank President Akinwumi Adesina is to ensure that it develops its own Africa-relevant solutions to the continent’s problems.
As the African Development Bank Group changes leadership, Africa's multilateral financier must chart a new course, including raising the contribution and voice of Africans in the institution.
Southern Africa has rivers, like the Zambezi, that run through a number of countries. How best to manage this is the challenge.
Southern African countries do not face water scarcity and do not need to build joint water projects. But they do need talk to each other to avoid misunderstandings.
Spectacular landscape of the Nuweveld escarpment showing exposures of the Beaufort Group.
The Karoo provides not only a historical record of biological change over a period of Earth’s history but also a means to test theories of evolutionary processes over long periods of time.
Sudan President Omar al-Bashir (L) ahead of the African Union summit in Johannesburg.
As a signatory to the Rome Statute, South Africa is obliged to arrest Omar al-Bashir and end his status as a fugitive from international law for war crimes allegedly committed in the conflict in Darfur.
Activists attend Uganda’s first gay pride parade at the Entebbe Botanical Gardens in Kampala, Uganda, in August 2012.
Science shows that thinking about sexuality in a binary fashion of hetero/homosexual is no longer accurate. Rather, evidence shows that there is a diversity of human sexuality and sexual orientations.
Sexual orientation is more complicated than X and Y chromosome. Epigenetics has a greater role to play.
Scientific evidence shows that same-sex orientation is determined before you are born.
Young LGBTI students go to university hoping that they would be accepted, but are discriminated against instead.
LGBTI students at South Africa's universities are living double lives to protect themselves from heterosexual students who ridicule and attack them.
Eradicating TB across the globe by 2035, as the World Health Organisation hopes to do, will only take place if the global funding and will improves.
More than 1.5 million people die of tuberculosis across the world every year. Although testing and screening has improved and more drugs are available, it is not enough to conquer the scourge.
The evolutionary tree may not be this simple.
The challenge we face after a century of extraordinary discoveries is pinning down the lineage and mapping the evolutionary route through which we as human beings got here.
Muhammadu Buhari’s victory in Nigeria emboldens him to play a leading role in African affairs.
Former presidents Thabo Mbeki and Olusegun Obasanjo led confidently on African affairs because they were elected by comfortable majorities at home and had solid control of their political parties.
The language that’s spoken in science classrooms is very different to every day English – even mother tongue English speakers may struggle because of this.
We view school science as largely a practical subject, but pupils must understand the language of science – which is often very different from every day language – if they are to excel.
Oprah Winfrey’s academy for girls in South Africa is well-resourced and produces good results. These factors mean it is in the minority.
Parents want to know how much they need to spend to secure a good education - and job prospects - for their children. But is it as simple as balancing your own books and ignoring the bigger picture?
Unless Africa can manage the effects of climate change, the agricultural future for many African’s looks bleak.
Unless Africa can manage the effects of climate change, the agricultural future for many Africans looks bleak.
Coffee is one of Africa’s major exports.
Unless climate change can be mitigated, or farmers can find ways to adapt, the future for coffee production looks bleak.
A new collection of essays explores the role of books in founding and dismantling The British empire.
Books have active political lives. They inspire social movements and bind people together. Books can stand as short-hand symbols for larger galaxies of ideas.