An Ig Nobel Prize-winning study suggests we need to rethink why imitation evolved.
Pygmies in the Dzanga-Sangha Forest Reserve, Central African Republic.
Somewhere along our evolutionary path, we lost the ability to defend against hepatitis C. But not all humans lost this ability.
How do animals think and feel?
Patrick aka Herjolf
A growing body of evidence points to how animals are aware of death, can experience grief and will sometimes mourn for or ritualize their dead.
Edward McLester / LJMU
Early hominins are thought to have made a new shelter every night, which taught them how to adapt to changing conditions.
The medicinal plants eaten by chimpanzees could develop improved traditional medicines.
The medicinal plants that chimpanzees feed on in the wild could hold the key in dealing with common diseases.
Nisarg Desai observes wild chimps known as Sandi, Ferdinand and Siri in Tanzania.
Do chimpanzee talk to each other? Scientists follow and record chimpanzees in the wild to find out – and to fill in details about how human language might have evolved.
Some people thought Charles Darwin was suggesting that, over a very long period of time, apes turned into people. He was not.
The short answer is no. An individual of one species cannot, during its lifetime, turn into another species. But your question helps us think about life, evolution and what it means to be human.
War for the Planet of the Apes used no real primates.
Twentieth Century Fox
Using real apes and monkeys as actors in film and TV encourages people to see them as pets.
Wild chimpanzees are hard to find, but their DNA – left-behind genetic traces – are opening up a new way of studying them.
Why do humans have fur only on their heads?
Scientists say humans are pretty similar to chimpanzees, gorillas and orangutans. So why don't we have fur like they do?
If frogs can glow in the dark and cockroaches can change history, why couldn’t dog-birds exist?
Chris Goldberg / flickr
A collection of The Conversation Global's best articles on animals, from glow-in-the-dark frogs to the wood beetles that do humanity's dirty work.
A Pirahã family.
From the Amazon to Nicaragua, there are humans who never learn numbers. What can these anumeric cultures teach us about ourselves?
Our secret? We're better at sharing our ideas.
Our cells have a built-in genetic clock, tracking time… but how accurately?
Stopwatch image via www.shutterstock.com.
How do scientists figure out when evolutionary events – like species splitting away from a common ancestor – happened? It turns out our DNA is a kind of molecular clock, keeping time via genetic changes.
Chimpanzees performed a specific technique with a stick to extract underground bees nests.
New, fascinating observations about the behaviour of wild chimpanzees showed that they can apply a complex technique to access honey.
In Cameroon efforts are underway to halt rainforest loss and develop opportunities with locals.
Arend de Haas
Combining new technologies, including Global Forest Watch, a Forest Monitoring App and Participatory 3D Modelling, brings out traditional knowledge of the elders.
Upper teeth of a Neanderthal who lived about 40,000 years ago.
Anthropologists gather clues about how our ancient ancestors lived from their teeth. What will future anthropologists make of us based on the fossilized pearly whites we'll leave behind?
Snow leopard, as captured by the BBC’s Planet Earth II.
The most recent episode of the BBC's Planet Earth II has got people asking some hard questions about the world's most mysterious big cats.
Research suggests friends don't just help in the bad times – they cut damaging stress just by being around.
Bonobos are separated from chimpanzees by the River Congo, but they share more genes than we thought.
The two species mated 500,000 years ago, leaving a genetic mark to this day. This knowledge could help save them from extinction.