South African women trying to soak up stagnant water during the drought in January 2016.
Climate change imperils food supply in many parts of the world, including South Africa, which has shown major gains in treating HIV/AIDS. Climate change could mean even less food -- and more disease.
Children living in areas with poor sanitation and hygiene account for 60% of people around the world infected with intestinal worms.
There's a growing body of evidence that shows we could be doing more for the close to billion children at risk of intestinal worms. We simply cannot afford to ignore it.
Zimbabweans living with HIV who come to South Africa often have challenges remaining on their antiretroviral treatment regimens.
South Africa and Zimbabwe have made significant strides to roll out antiretrovirals. But the regional expansion of treatment programmes still needs work.
A photomicrograph of the Cryptococcus fungus.
More than 250 000 patients at highest risk for cryptococcal meningitis but no symptoms will be screened in South Africa annually to reduce the number of deaths.
A young woman performs at an HIV prevention campaign during the International Aids Conference 2016.
International AIDS Society/Abhi Indrarajan
Stemming high HIV rates among adolescent girls and young women in sub-Saharan Africa has become a challenge due to the cycle of transmission.
In rural Malawi traditional leaders have played an important role in persuading men to get involved in women’s health.
A study in Malawi shows how the participation of local community leaders in policy development can change men's attitudes to maternal and child health for the better.
Medical circumcision in settings where there are high rates of HIV will only be successful if these interventions take into account local beliefs about circumcision.
Philanthropist Bill Gates addresses delegates at the 2016 Aids Conference in Durban.
Bill Gates, who has been identified as the world's most significant donor in the fight against AIDS, shares his thoughts on the pandemic with Africa's most prominent HIV/AIDS academics.
There is a link between online social networking technologies and increased risky sexual behaviour.
Online social networking technologies have been linked with increased risky sexual behaviour -- and Swaziland is no different.
A client receives HIV/AIDS counseling at a women and children’s hospital in Nigeria. These facilities are not always available in rural areas.
Flickr/ Karen Kasmauski/MCSP
Effectively decentralising HIV and AIDS treatment services helps to improve universal health care. But in Nigeria this approach comes with many challenges.
Pre-exposure prophylaxis is providing an exciting new innovation to tackle HIV prevention.
Trials have shown that rates of HIV infection are reduced if people not infected with HIV take anti-retrovirals - known as pre-exposure prophylaxis (PrEP). But adherence to a daily dose is a problem.
Two characters who feature in the film PILI about rural women living with HIV in Tanzania.
The stories of HIV positive women in Tanzania often go unheard outside the communities in which they live.
For the next five years South Africa will be leading one of the latest large-scale trials for a vaccine for HIV.
Frontline workers need to be engaged in the process of building responsive, interconnected health systems.
The millennium development goals were laudable but the approach to achieving them was flawed. An integrated, bottom-up approach is needed if the sustainable development goals are to be met by 2030.
Precision public health can make a huge difference to people across Africa.
Albert González Farran, UNAMID
Precision public health has the potential to transform the global health sphere by ensuring that the right interventions are brought to the right people in the right places.
The age profile of people living in Africa is changing - they are living longer.
The burden of communicable disease is declining in Africa and life expectancy is increasing. But non-communicable diseases like diabetes, cardiovascular disease and cancer are wreaking havoc.
Anti-rape protesters at President Jacob Zuma’s election results speech.
The ghost of ‘Khwezi’ – the woman who accused Jacob Zuma of rape in 2006 – continues to haunt him, just as the spectre of rape continues to haunt South Africa.
Distribution of cash can be useful for delivering child care.
Dispensing cash to ensure healthy care for vulnerable children is critical, but it must be supplemented by other interventions to maximise well-being.
The drug Truvada is used for PrEP treatment.
A judge has found that NHS England cannot reasonably refuse to fund anti-HIV drugs for gay men. This is a major step forward.
A model of the hepatitis B virus in a blood vessel with red blood cells.
Liver cancer in Africans tends to occur between the ages of 30 and 40. But a study has found that it occurs at a significantly younger age in those who are infected with HIV and hepatitis B.