Other regions may be helpful to Erdoğan for a short time, but they cannot substitute the economic and political contributions Turkey requires of Europe.
With President Erdoğan increasingly empowered, the 'Kurdish question' is at the forefront once again.
This referendum is the first time in the democratic history of Turkey that an election has been seen as illegitimate by not only domestic contenders, but by international observers as well.
The Gallipoli campaign has, in recent years, increasingly become part of the culture wars in Turkey associated with the rise of political Islam.
How a once trustworthy NATO ally, an aspiring EU candidate and an emerging power came to be ruled by one strong man.
Experts agree that Turkey is even further polarised after contested unofficial results show President Recep Tayyip Erdoğan has won the right to expand his powers.
After years of creeping authoritarianism, Turkey's president is now set up to take the reins in earnest.
Turkey's referendum could lead to a tremendous change in the country's political development, leading to an extremely autocratic regime.
Whatever the result of Turkey's long-awaited vote on presidential powers, things will get worse before they get better.
The religious arm of Turkey's government, Dinayet, has European authorities up in arms after leaked documents suggested the agency was engaged in international espionage.
If the 'yes' vote prevails in this month's constitutional referendum, the Turkish people may be in the rare position of democratically approving the death of their own democracy.
A diplomatic row with the Netherlands over campaigning abroad shows how the Turkish government is changing its strategy.
This year may be a critical turning point for Syria and the five-year civil war, at least for the Assad regime, which is…
Caught out by the side effects of the Syrian civil war and deteriorating relations with the EU and the US, Turkey now appears to be in search of South-South cooperation.
Bashar al-Assad, Vladimir Putin and Recep Tayyip Erdogan have a long history as leaders of their countries and players in the Syrian war.
An historian based in Poland sees many similarities between Trump and authoritarian nationalists like Poland's Jarosław Kaczyński. But the parallels only go so far.
Does the Turkish government have ulterior motives in its attempt to make Istanbul a global financial centre?
The divisive tactics that put Turkey's president in control could yet be his undoing.
Ambassador Karlov's death will weaken Turkey's influence in the Syrian conflict.
Integrating large refugee populations goes far beyond simply offering citizenship to some.