Antibiotics are only useful for treating infections caused by bacteria, not viruses or fungi.
It's hard to predict how long it will take to feel better after you start taking antibiotics. But if you start feeling worse one to two days after starting the therapy, you must see your doctor.
And don’t infect everyone else in the office either.
The overuse of antibiotics puts vulnerable patients and society at risk.
We still don’t know what types of bacteria are truly beneficial.
Probiotics might avert a case of diarrhoea, or they could mean your gut takes longer to return to normal.
There already exist some promising new antibiotic therapies, and more are in the pipeline. However, our economic model prevents researchers from moving them out onto the market.
The end of effective antibiotics will be frightening. Life expectancy will fall dramatically and people of all ages will die from illnesses that we are used to treating with $10 worth of pills.
Our view of this essential dimension of earth’s biome has been shaped by the manufacturers of cleaning products.
Alexander Fleming's work has helped countless people over the last nine decades.
A poster from a world summit in Hong Kong on preparing for worldwide pandemics in June 2010. Despite efforts to develop plans, none is yet in place.
Vincent Yu/AP Photo
It's not a matter of if, but when, the next deadly pandemic will strike. Will the world be ready?
The truth about cats and dogs.
Farm animals are the subject of WHO initiatives around antibiotics, but domestic pets could actually be a bigger risk.
Antibiotic-resistant bacteria inside a biofilm.
Triclosan, an ingredient in soap and many household cleansers, has gained a bad reputation. A recent study looking for a way to boost an antibiotic, however, found that tricloscan did a great job.
Clostridium difficile bacteria causes diarrhea and inflammation of the colon.
By Kateryna Kon/shutterstock.com
A new type of antibiotic uses DNA to fight a common deadly microbe, Clostridium difficile. These new drugs are inexpensive and adaptable and can be modified to target any bacterium, lowering the chance of drug resistance.
Getting rid of this scourge is nothing to be sneezed at.
Cattle that are grass-fed, antibiotic- and growth hormone-free gather at a farm in Oregon in 2015. There’s a debate over whether antibiotic use in livestock makes germs more resistant to the drugs, and results in infections being passed on to humans who consume the meat.
(AP Photo/Don Ryan)
The use of antibiotics in raising livestock is complex. We could be moving towards a less-than-ideal result due to poor understanding, over-simplistic messaging and a rush for competitive advantage.
Bacteria in the dish on the left are sensitive to antibiotics in the paper discs. The ones on the right are resistant to four of the seven antibiotics.
Dr. Graham Beards
Antibiotic-munching microbes may prove useful for mopping up contaminated water supplies and land.
The problem of antimicrobial resistance won't go away as long as people in poor countries don't have access to clean water.
Vchal / www.shutterstock.com
New research shows just 1% of E. coli bacteria's genetic mutations are lethal.
Antibiotic resistance is not new but recent developments increase the urgency for action.
Superbugs used to pose the greatest risk to people with compromised immune systems and those who had surgery. But their sexual transmission means antibiotic resistance can spread much more widely.
High-tech ways to scan nature’s own creations.
Pharmaceutical companies focus on small molecules they've devised – and can easily patent. But nature's already come up with many antibacterial compounds that drug designers could use to make medicines.
A giant ant carries a dead fellow in the name of cleanliness.
Ants produce their own antimicrobial chemicals to fight bacteria.
Potting mix is known to carry harmful bacteria and fungi.
Photo by Markus Spiske on Unsplash
The risk of bacterial or fungal infection from potting mix is very low. Wearing gloves and washing your hands will keep it even lower.
Pills and ills.
Antimicrobial stewardship is proving effective, but we're not fully across what is happening.