The microbes that live in our gut are essential to good health.
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The effort to edit the genes of Chinese twins implies that all our traits are determined by our genes. But changing our diet, environment, lifestyle and microbes may have a greater effect.
A capsule with a genetically engineered bacterium for therapeutic purposes.
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Researchers are exploring the possibility of creating living drugs – designer microbes that can live in our guts and provide critical components that our body needs but can't make itself.
S'gaw Karen girls of Khun Yuam District, Mae Hong Son Province, Thailand.
When immigrants come to the US, it isn't just the people who assimilate. The microbes in their gut also become Westernized after living here. This may predispose them to diseases like obesity.
Hand washing is an effective way to help prevent the spread of bacteria.
Millions of bacteria live on our skin without making us sick. It's when they manage to get through that they can be dangerous – particularly if they're resistant to antibiotics.
Every surface of our body – inside and out – is covered in microorganisms: bacteria, viruses, fungi and many other microscopic life forms.
Just because you don't have the flu doesn't mean that your aren't teeming with viruses inside and out. But what are all these viruses doing, if they aren't making you sick?
Put down that bleach.
A sanitised environment can mean fewer helpful bacteria. That has some surprising consequences for the health of children.
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Many probiotic bacteria don't manage to colonise the gut, but that doesn't mean they don't have positive health benefits.
Don’t scratch it!
Mosquitoes are picky about who they bite but it's not actually "us" that they're smelling when they choose their next meal...
Gut microbes in the small intestine are essential for good physical and mental health.
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Cancer immunotherapies are considered as revolutionary. But many cancer patients don't respond to them. In a new clinical trial, researchers are testing whether gut microbes are the key to remission.
Clinical trials involving probiotics are failing to report on the safety and harms of these treatments.
Gut microbe composition is fairly similar across a range of diseases.
Certain gut microbes have been associated with certain diseases, but a new study finds that the pattern of microbes is consistent across a range of diseases.
Clostridium difficile bacteria causes diarrhea and inflammation of the colon.
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A new type of antibiotic uses DNA to fight a common deadly microbe, Clostridium difficile. These new drugs are inexpensive and adaptable and can be modified to target any bacterium, lowering the chance of drug resistance.
By the time they turn one, half of Australian babies have had a course of antibiotics.
There may be additional long-term health harms from antibiotic exposure in early life and before birth, including an increased risk of infection, obesity and asthma.
Manipulating environmental exposures to optimize a healthy microbiome may hold the promise of preventing chronic inflammatory diseases, such as Crohn’s disease and ulcerative colitis.
Halting the rapid rise in inflammatory bowel disease will require a proactive approach to medicine, and a focus on the gut.
The immune system has to establish which cells belong to us and which are foreign, no mean feat.
Nobel laureate Peter Doherty explains immunity.
Gut microbe metabolites can tell us a lot about our health.
An expert explains how often you should poo and what it should look like.
Though examining poop samples scientists working on the American Gut Project are getting a new perspective on the microbes in our guts.
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In the largest citizen science experiment to date, 11,336 people sent poop samples to this San Diego lab so that microbiologists could figure out how the microbes in our guts make us healthy or sick.
Sugar mama? Researchers are teasing out the benefits of various molecules in human milk.
A chemist explains how some molecules in human breast milk help fight infection. Understanding their properties could lead to better infant formulas that share the health advantages of breastfeeding.
Eczema, which is common in babies, is itchy and painful.
In this clinical trial, the first of its kind, physicians explore whether directly applying a 'good' strain of bacteria to the skin can heal eczema