Scientists have pieced together Game of Thrones’ geology as the show draws last breath on television.
Kal242382 from Wikimedia Commons
Even in this fantasy world, geological processes like tectonic plate movement, earthquakes and volcanic eruptions would have built the mountains, carved the rivers, and created vast oceans.
Lord Howe Island is part of a volcanic seamount formed around 7 million years ago.
Lord Howe Island is part of an underwater volcanic chain much older than first thought, with the possibility of new islands still to form.
The beaches of Koh Phangan are set within rocky crags made of granites, the type of rocks studied to piece Thailand to Australia.
Australia's slowly heading north to one day become part of Asia, but a study of the rocks tell us that's not the first time there's been a connection.
A combination of tectonic plates, geography and poor infrastructure make Indonesia vulnerable to deadly tsunamis.
What’s going on 150 kilometers below the Earth’s surface?
Good Free Photos
A new array of seismometers provides a glimpse of what's happening deep beneath this geologic fault. New data help explain why the north and south of the region are more seismically active than the middle.
Africa’s physical landscape is not a permanent fixture and is being constantly shaped by massive geological forces.
Seismologists use sensors to build images of the interior of the earth. Making the invisible, visible.
In the field studying the rock association in the Doolena Gap greenstone belt, 30 km north of Marble bar in the Pilbara region of Western Australia.
The remote Pilbara region of Western Australian formed many billions of years ago when the Earth was much hotter and the crust softer than it is today.
Tides are the largest they have been for 250m years.
Ten-year-old Stanton in the ruins of his home following the earthquake that hit Papua New Guinea in February.
Fresh earthquakes and aftershocks hit parts of Papua New Guinea following February's deadly quake. It's Australia's slow push north that's part of PNG's seismic activity.
Google Earth. Data SIO, NOAA, US Navy, NGA, GEBCO
East Africa Rift is undergoing a process that will see the Horn of Africa split from the rest of the continent.
Earthquake survivors are living in tents in western Iran.
AP Photo/Vahid Salemi
The Nov. 12 earthquake wasn't centered on any known major faults in the Earth's crust. In its wake, scientists will collect data to add detail to what they know about seismic activity in the area.
The new map was created using data from rocks found in locations including Madagascar.
You would not recognise Earth if you saw it 500 million years ago - the lands, oceans, climate and life were all very different. Scientists now have a new map of the deep history of Earth.
A scale model of one of the two LAGEOS satellites.
NASA's Goddard Space Flight Center
We know much about the true shape of our planet is thanks to two satellites that act as targets for lasers fired from Earth.
Up a bit, right a bit – Australia is always on the move.
Australia is always on the move thanks to continental drift which means the mapped coordinates of any place can get out of line with any GPS locating system. So what's the plan to fix it?
Residents walk through rubble in central Italy.
Central Italy has been hit by a magnitude 6.2 earthquake, only seven years after a similar devastating quake in the region.
A satellite image of the 2004 boxing day tsunami striking the southwestern coast of Sri Lanka. Could a similar tsunami hit Australia?
Australia is surrounded by ocean, so is not immune to the effects of tsunamis. But how significant is the risk?
Satellite image of California’s San Andreas fault, where two continental plates come together.
NASA/GSFC/METI/ERSDAC/JAROS, and U.S./Japan ASTER Science Team
Fifty years on from a groundbreaking paper, geophysicists have progressed from believing continents never moved to thinking that every movement may leave a lasting memory on our planet.
Some of the Earth’s fault lines between tectonic plates in the East Asia region.
Earth is the only planet in our solar system with both plate tectonics and life. Is there a connection?
The recent earthquakes in Japan and Ecuador were large, but were they connected?
EPA/Everett Kennedy Brown
When two major earthquakes occur within days of each other thousands of kilometres apart, it can look like they're connected. But are they? Here's what the science says.
The Earth’s surface is in a constant state of motion, before, during and after earthquakes.
Shutterstock/Natee K Jindakum
The earth around you might seem static but it's constantly in motion. We need to track this motion in fine detail if we're to keep our GPS networks up to date.