(From L-R) researcher Margaret Embahe, interviewees Angela Arasepa and Alberta Doiko, and researcher Mavis Tongia.
In stories about the Pacific War and the Kokoda Track, women's stories were often overlooked, but they provide an important perspective on a pivotal moment in history.
Rohingya refugees in Bangladesh waiting to receive aid.
Mohammad Ponir Hossain/Reuters
The persecution of the Rohingya goes back to 1948, the year when Myanmar achieved independence from the British.
George Dreyfus, centre, holding a bassoon and Walter Wurzburger, far left, holding a clarinet.
JC Williamson production 1949
In the late 1930s, Australia sought to restrict the flow of refugees, ruling that musicians were 'unsuitable' as migrants. Yet some talented Jewish musicians did arrive here and their work has enriched our cultural life.
Does Japan’s moral education system leave any room for students to appreciate diversity and think critically?
The changes required of a textbook that referred to a bakery – an “inappropriate” form of Japanese culture – illustrate how the system falls short of its goals of deliberative and critical education.
Coffee beans picked from a crop in Timor-Leste.
United Nations Photo, flickr
In wartime, food and drink may be a weapon or embodiment of the enemy, but also 'a token of hope, a soothing relief'. In East Timor, coffee has played a vital role.
A dozen or so families or their disabled members are deported from Australia every year.
There has been little recognition of how western governments furthered separation of families with disabled children, through immigration policies that ignored postwar humanitarian ideals.
Churchill allowed science to flourish. Without a similar attitude in today’s politics, we may hit a bottleneck for life that leaves a Universe without a single human soul to enjoy it.
US Department of the Interior via Wikimedia Commons
The idea of an American Muslim registry has gained traction in some circles, but the historical precedents are shaky at best.
Artisanal miners at an illegal mine pit in the DRC. At severe risk to their health, some still go to abandoned sites to dig out uranium and cobalt.
The mine that produced the uranium that made the Hiroshima bomb has since been closed. But its troubling legacy continues to haunt the Democratic Republic of Congo and the local community.
Outgoing UN Secretary-General Ban Ki-moon’s successor faces the challenge of making the organisation more accountable.
The ‘functional immunity’ granted to UN officials made good sense when the body was founded after World War II. But as its organisational functions have expanded, so has this immunity.
They might look like an alien species, but these bacteria-eating viruses could be the next big thing in the fight against infectious diseases.
The virus that could cure antibiotic resistant infections.
Demonstrating in Washington state, November 2015.
Many groups have been labeled 'enemy' in the American past. A literary scholar looks at the role literature and philosophy have played in dispelling fears and shifting public attitudes.
Presidents Hollande and Obama. Is it still possible for nation states to build a global alliance against organisations such as Daesh?
To save mankind from the scourge of war… These eight words drawn from the preamble to the Charter of the United Nations have been ringing in my head for the past week. Most believe that they were penned…
When buildings began to rise from the ruins and the rubble, the planners missed an opportunity to create a better society.
Reconciliation by Josefina de Vasconcellos at Coventry Cathedral, first conceived in the aftermath of the war.
Despite big hopes for rebuilding Coventry's manufacturing heart after the Blitz, the tale of Hillfields became one of sad decline.
In preparation for China’s commemoration of the 70th anniversary of the end of the second world war, a couple in Luoyang, Henan province, re-enacts the famous photograph taken in New York’s Times Square on V-J Day.
It would be wrong to see China's role in the second world war as a story of the powerful West coming to the rescue of a hapless Chinese nation.
Marshal Admiral Yamamoto’s bunker in Rabaul, Papua New Guinea, which was the wartime headquarters of the Japanese in the south-west Pacific.
The Pacific War played out as a colonial war in the Pacific. It was brutal for non-combatant civilians in its path, and its impact epitomised the dehumanising capacity of both war and colonialism.
Tomiko Matsumoto, an 83-year-old A-bomb survivor, at the Atomic Bomb Dome in Hiroshima.
The dogged commitment to peace that set in after the atomic bombings of Japan is in danger of disappearing for good.
On August 6, 1945, a crude bomb containing 60 kilograms of highly enriched uranium exploded 580 metres above Hiroshima.
EPA/Hiroshima Peace Memorial Museum
Today's nuclear arsenals are so powerful that dropping a Hiroshima-size bomb every two hours for 70 years would not exhaust their destructive capacity. The global disarmament regime is broken.
When Vladimir Putin reviews the troops marking the 70th anniversary of Russia’s victory of Nazism, he won’t have many leaders of democratic nations to accompany him.
EPA/Alexey Druzhinin/ RIA NOVOSTI
Victory over Nazi Germany is one unambiguously positive accomplishment of the 20th century; and yet, constructing a positive narrative about the Soviet second world war has proven hard – largely because there are some stubborn facts to contend with.