These days neither the public nor governments consider passports as a serious obstacle to freedom of movement.
In the 20th century, governments considered the “total abolition” of passports as an important goal and discussed the issue in several international conferences.
Angela Harburn / Shutterstock.com
Many of HG Wells's futuristic prophecies have come true, but the one on which his heart was most set – the establishment of a world state – remains unfulfilled.
A tool in place of your arm or a stereo for your leg? How our attitudes towards human enhancement have changed.
French and British school children during a Somme memorial in Thiepval.
Yui Mok / PA Wire
Commemorations for young people sanctify the Great War, but it's a conflict that needs to be questioned.
A hundred years later, the magnitude of the Battle of Somme can still be felt.
A hundred years ago today, the Battle of the Somme began. This conflict, in which a million men died in order to move the front lines about six miles, spelled the end of courage as a cornerstone of masculine identity.
Vickers machine gun crew with gas masks.
John Warwick Brooke/Imperial War Museum
There was no need to censor Allied war reporters – they were required by law to follow the official line.
Amid the chaos of a dressing station, a dazed soldier sits with a thousand-yard stare.
100 years after the Battle of the Somme, we are only now starting to unravel the mystery causes of shell shock.
After the Somme the British army was supplied with vastly more firepower than before. This would decide the course of this war.
British battlecruiser HMS Indefatigable sunk during the Battle of Jutland.
Imperial War Museums/Wikimedia
Both sides claimed victory after the German and British fleets met off the coast of Denmark, 100 years ago.
Bain via Wikimedia Commons
Calculus helped determined the outcome of World War I's biggest naval battle, 100 years ago.
Eurovision wants to protect its 'non-political nature'. But can it?
Dublin, April 24, 2016.
For 100 years, the Easter Rising has occupied center stage in the memory making of republican Ireland. But the role of Irish soldiers in World War I had been all but forgotten -- until now.
Dublin, April 24 1916.
Irish participation in World War I has been surrounded by a form of “collective amnesia” – largely because of the part the war played in the Easter Rising.
Food was a powerful, and ever-present theme of the first world war.
Ward 43, Frank Ward, 1943. © IWM (Art.IWM ART LD 6600)
From crossing cultural barriers with a cake, to starvation used as a brutal tool of war, Australian soldiers' letters and diaries reveal an urgently important relationship with what they ate.
A new exhibition gives us an insight into the daily life – and language – of Australian soldiers in World War One.
Courtesy of University of Melbourne Archives, University of Melbourne.
When Australians went to the Western Front, language failed them. So they invented slanguage: a mix of slang, French words and creative swearing that, among other things, gave us the word "Aussie".
The century since the first world war is littered with the broken promises of Muslim rulers to bring about a transition to more representative forms of government.
The rise of Islamic State and its declaration of the caliphate can be read as part of a wider story that has unfolded since the formation of modern nation states in the Muslim world.
A flag-waving Islamic State fighter takes part in a military parade along the streets of Syria’s northern Raqqa province.
How far back in history does one have to go to find the roots of the so-called Islamic State? The first article in our series on the genesis of the terrorist outfit considers some fundamentals.
Australian War Memorial
The decision to 'ban' relatives of British servicemen to the commemoration of the 1916 Battle of Fromelles is wrongheaded.
Remembering the fallen.
Gallipoli has become an enduring symbol of World War I's futile carnage. But the campaign did have a purpose.
‘On yer bike, Ebeneezer.’
Dicken's great anti-hero has monopolised festive literature for too long. Here are the alternative takes on the season of goodwill that you have been missing.