Differences between male and female skulls in some species of gibbon may shed light on how our extinct ancestors lived.
Same-sex sexual behaviour presents a paradox: it’s influenced by genes, but how and why do these genes continue to be passed down the generations? One theory is they have reproductive benefits too.
The genus Paranthropus stands out in our human family tree because of their massive back teeth, but new techniques suggest we should throw out the hypothesis they mainly ate hard seeds and nuts.
Toba eruption caused temperatures to plummet by up to 10°C in some regions – but not where most humans lived.
A new analysis of a ‘lost’ skull rewrites the recent family tree of the human species, showing our closest relatives lived in China.
New DNA evidence shows humans may have been battling coronaviruses for longer than recorded history.
Each year, more and more people are looking to dating apps to find a partner. And a trove of data from these users is finally revealing what men and women really want.
A small child buried almost 80,000 years ago in a cave in Kenya shows how ancient humans treated the dead.
Even though they cover most of our features, face masks are no match for our highly-evolved capacity to recognise friends.
Our biggest evolutionary advantages are an ability to walk on two legs and our big brains.
If both people like and trust each other enough to kiss, the good shared feelings they get makes them more likely to stay together.
Researchers unearthed the 105,000-year-old artefacts from a spiritual site in southern Africa. Although far from the coast, the area is associated with stories of a great water snake.
We’re the only species that can throw at speeds that kill.
The ancestors of modern-day people living on Southeast Asian islands likely interbred with a prehistoric species called Denisovans - raising the possibility of fresh and intriguing fossil discoveries.
Since the 19th century, biologists have treated the larvae of lampreys as a relic of evolutionary ancestry that could potentially give clues about vertebrate origins. Now fossils overturn that view.
Early humans called Denisovans lived in a remote mountain cave between 100,000 and 60,000 years ago, and possibly longer still, raising intriguing questions about their relationship to modern humans.
A new environmental record for a prehistoric site in Kenya helped researchers figure out how external conditions influenced which of our ancient ancestors lived there, with what way of life.
Genetic studies show mingling between populations has been the norm throughout human history.
As in humans, environmental changes provoked chimpanzees to develop a diverse range of behaviours.
Artefacts suggest a ‘great leap’, a recent evolution of modern intelligence. Fossils and DNA argue that’s an illusion.