Vendors lack proper infrastructure to ensure protection against environmental health hazards.
Vendors are continuously exposed to outdoor air pollution from traffic or automotive emissions and cooking fuels such as gas and open fires.
Handheld devices like this one, used for testing blood sugar levels, could help TB patients monitor their own drug levels.
There are several reasons that TB patients don’t or can’t adhere to their treatment.
Australia’s approach is welcome but doesn’t go far enough. New Zealand’s plans are much bolder. Here’s how they compare.
COVID-19 lockdowns significantly reduced access to and the provision of antiretroviral treatment services.
Gideon Mendel/Corbis via Getty Images
The individual stories of migrant women are essential in understanding if HIV healthcare strategies and programmes are working.
Experts across the board have identified inequality as a major challenge to efforts to end AIDS.
People in prison are more at risk of TB than the general population.
Stephane de Sakutin/AFP via Getty Images
The overcrowded conditions of prisons make them a high-risk environment for the spread of infectious diseases such as TB.
Remembering to take a pill every day can be a barrier to good adherence.
Daniel Born/The Times/Gallo Images/Getty Images
The benefit of an injectable product is that it avoids the adherence issues related to taking a pill daily.
Some countries, like Kenya, Uganda, South Africa, Zambia, and Nigeria, have been more proactive than others, but it is still hard for many to get PrEP.
Every year, hundreds are held arbitrarily in provincial jails. The Canadian government must take action to end the jailing of migrants.
Migrants and refugee claimants in immigration detention continue to face serious trauma and abuse. The federal government must take action to stop migrant detentions.
Education is important for girls’ future earning power and the promotion of their lifelong health and socioeconomic well-being.
Ontario Premier Doug Ford and Health Minister Sylvia Jones in conversation at Queen’s Park, the day after Ontario’s chief medical officer of health ‘strongly recommended’ mask wearing.
THE CANADIAN PRESS/Chris Young
In 2020, with adult ICUs at risk of being overwhelmed, we wore masks and accepted restrictions. Now pediatric intensive care is at risk. Will leaders follow the evidence and tell us to mask up?
Many South Africans still don’t have access to safe toilets.
Rodger Bosch/AFP via Getty Images
Flushing toilets use around nine to 12 litres of water per flush. And that is potable water.
Here’s what needs to happen next for our health systems to cope with the latest COVID wave.
Healthy turkeys on a farm in West Newfield, Maine.
Shawn Patrick Ouellette/Portland Press Herald via Getty Images
Hunters are warned to take precautions handling wild birds, and the virus can spill over to non-avian species, so no one should approach wild animals that appear ill.
Type 2 diabetes mostly affects adults of a certain age.
Improving diabetes care in South Africa requires strong will and support from health authorities, introduction of clinical information systems, the use of technology and digital solutions.
Global climate is changing rapidly. This has a range of public health implications.
CDC/ James Gathany
As the Earth warms up the malaria vector will develop faster, allowing them to breed faster, bite more frequently and expand into formerly unsuitable habitats.
Infectious diseases like COVID-19 top the list of health concerns.
Marco Longari/AFP via Getty Images
The human population has doubled in 48 years, and worsening climate change has left the world facing serious health risks, from infectious diseases to hunger and heat stress.
Investment in public parks can help reduce crime.
Peter Titmuss/Education Images/Universal Images Group via Getty Images.
People may think that green spaces often hide criminals. On the contrary, there is evidence they contribute to reducing crime.
Darren Stewart/Gallo Images via Getty Images
Natural disasters associated with climate change put people at risk of injury and death, and alter the prevalence and distribution of illnesses and infectious diseases.
80% of malaria deaths are in children younger than five.
Olympia de Maismont/AFP via Getty Images
There are many reasons that malaria is so persistent in Africa. Four of them are poverty, human movement, resistance and climate change.