Oral healthcare workers are exposed to disease-causing organisms during dental procedures.
Pre-COVID-19 dentists wore some sort of respiratory protection like examination masks, surgical masks or respirators. COVID-19 has elevated the number of personal protective equipment needed.
Spraying houses with insecticide is a temporary solution.
Cristina Aldehuela/AFP via Getty Images
To achieve malaria elimination on the continent, Africans need to own the agenda.
A health worker prepares a malaria vaccination in Yala, Kenya.
Brian Ongoro / AFP via Getty Images
The successful development of an effective vaccine against the deadliest form of malaria that is most common in sub-Saharan Africa is indeed a major achievement.
The first ever malaria vaccine promises to bring the battle against infections back on track.
Photo Illustration by Rafael Henrique/SOPA Images/LightRocket via Getty Images
The WHO and the manufacturers of the vaccine will be rallying countries, particularly those with high malaria burdens, to adopt the vaccine.
Farmers harvesting rice
Smallholder rice farmers in Ghana should be supported by the government to access finance needed to adopt modern technologies for greater productivity.
Aerial view of the UK’s national synchrotron, Diamond Light Source Ltd (Diamond) on the Harwell Science and Innovation Campus in Oxfordshire,
©Diamond Light Source
Making vaccines in South Africa by building on the foundation that’s been laid is possible. But only if substantial and sustained investment in human resources and infrastructure becomes a reality.
Sexually transmitted infections and bacterial vaginosis can provide ideal conditions for HIV infection in women. A new test aims to detect these conditions even when women don’t show symptoms.
Renewable energy technology holds promise for rural electrification.
Current approaches to expand renewable energy in Ghana are not inclusive of the rural poor.
Malaria control must move away from relying too much on insecticides to more innovative and sustainable options. Genetic programming of mosquitoes is one.
Potential benefits of human genome editing include new ways to diagnose, treat and prevent genetic disorders. But there’s a significant gap in regulation.
Nigeria must increase funding for health research
Brian/AFP via Getty Images
More funding is needed to galvanise
Nigeria’s health system as medical research is not well funded.
The spread of malaria can be controlled by community-based management.
We’ve made advances towards delivering new devices to empower even people with basic medical knowledge to administer malaria tests in the field.
Waste products from factories like this could hold the key to more novel antibiotic discoveries.
Stefan Heunis/AFP via Getty Images
Discovery of a new antibiotic compound from a Nigerian environment is good news for researchers in this field.
“Creativity machines” are capable of independent and complex functioning, so they can invent things.
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The decision is supported by the government’s policy environment in recent years. This has aimed to increase innovation, and views technology as a way to achieve this.
Innovation in food systems and agricultural research is critical for African countries.
Stronger agricultural R&D systems will enable agriculture to power Africa’s transformation.
Policymakers need to make sense of the data so as to predict and manage what’s happening. To address this need, we developed a visualisation tool to track and predict country-level COVID-19 cases.
BCG has been used all over the world to protect against the development of TB.
Noah Seelam/AFP via Getty Images
BCG remains the only widely available vaccine for TB. Yet the development of a COVID-19 vaccine over the last year shows that there is capacity to rapidly create new vaccines.
Machine learning can change patient care in Nigeria for good.
Machine learning offers improved access to affordable testing and quality of care for those who are unaware of their hepatitis B status.
South African President Cyril Ramaphosa, Deputy president David Mabuza, Health Minister Dr Zweli Mkhize visiting the Aspen Pharmacare sterile manufacturing facility.
Lulama Zenzile/Die Burger/Gallo Images via Getty Images
Vaccine manufacturing doesn’t come cheap. It depends heavily on support from developed countries. It also requires much more than relaxing intellectual property rights and a desire for vaccine equity.
Human embryo research allows us to understand normal and abnormal human development.
The rule, which previously acted as the upper time limit on human embryo research, has been dropped, paving the way for research on older human embryos.