Ali Mohamed Gedi (left), then Somali prime minister, speaks during a meeting with clan elders to discuss the surrender of weapons from the Mogadishu community in 2006.
Peter Delarue/AFP via Getty Images
While the insurgent group rebuffs talks on the national stage, it frequently negotiates local issues with the government and other groups through senior clan elders.
A military drone replica is displayed in front of the White House during a protest against drone strikes on January 12, 2019 in Washington, DC.
Brendan Smialowski/AFP via Getty Images
In spite of a massive military effort the war against al-Shabaab has been effectively stalemated since 2016.
Global terrorism has been relatively quiet as the world is consumed by the COVID-19 pandemic. But it is still there, unabated, and we need to do more to stop it.
Hundreds gather for prayer at the scene of a massive truck bomb attack in Mogadishu in October 2017, the deadliest to hit conflict-torn Somalia.
The death of Al-Shabaab’s leader triggered deadlier suicide bombings as the group desperately tried to demonstrate its resilience.
Many Afghans fear the landmark US-Taliban deal will not lead to peace without firm commitments from the Taliban to protect human rights and sever ties with terrorist groups.
Kenyan military troops and US marines carry out a joint military exercise in Manda Bay near the coastal town of Lamu.
Declining US involvement in The Horn would leave a vacuum that others can fill.
An image of Islamic State leader Abu Bakr al-Baghdadi, who died on Oct. 26, 2019..
Department of Defense via AP
The Islamic State has appointed yet another 'caliph' after the death of Abu Bakr al-Baghdadi. What is the idea behind the caliphate?
Abu Bakr al-Baghdadi.
Islamic State video/EPA
From US captive to head of Islamic State, the life of Abu Bakr al-Baghdadi, who died in Syria.
The New IRA apologized for killing investigative journalist Lyra McKee during a riot in Derry.
Organizations try to hide mistakes and evade responsibility, studies show. But two scholars analyzing militant and terrorist groups say they are willing to acknowledge their mistakes – sometimes.
Soldiers stand guard near coffins containing the bodies of victims of an explosion that took place inside a catholic cathedral, in southern island of Mindanao on January 28, 2019.
NICKEE BUTLANGAN / AFP
After a civil conflict, within five years the majority of modern peace agreements fail. What is causing these negotiated settlements to fall apart?
A weak Malian state prompted local ethnic communities to organise armed self-defence groups.
The absence of a strong government in Mali
allows jihadists to enter new areas and flourish.
South Tower being hit during the 9/11 attacks. The events of September 11 2001 has significantly shaped American attitudes and actions towards fighting terrorism, surveilling citizens and othering outsiders.
Though more consequences are likely to develop in the post-9/11 era, the war on terror, heightened government surveillance and Islamophobia are notable legacies of this early 21st century tragedy.
Kenyan President Uhuru Kenyatta.
In many ways US-Kenya relations is in uncharted territory.
Men walk on the wreckage of a building destroyed by air strikes in Sanaa, Yemen, on June 6, 2018.
Yemen's civil war is a stew of local and foreign interests, from Washington, Saudi Arabia to Iran. And the latest battle may cost the lives of hundreds of thousands of civilians, if not millions.
Afghan Northern Alliance fighters in 2001. Almost two decades later, the war continues.
AP Photo/David Guttenfelder
A strategy to shut down Taliban safe havens in Pakistan could bring the war to an end.
The term "social network" has become commonplace, but those who use it to designate Facebook or Instagram often ignore its origin and true meaning.
Wes Mountain/The Conversation
Raffaello Pantucci explains what lone-actor terrorism is, why it's effective and why we seem to be seeing more attacks that aren't clearly connected to terror networks in this long-form comic explainer.
French President Emmanuel Macron during his visit to French counter-terrorism forces in northern Mali, in May.
EPA/Christophe Petit Tesson
Some African countries present a facade of democracy. The absence of substantive democracy is contributing to instability on the continent.
Manhattan on Sept. 11, 2001.
AP Photo/Daniel Hulshizer
An unprecedented onslaught from the US hasn't destroyed the terrorist organization. What is the secret of its resilience?
In this photo from Sept. 11, 2001, firefighters work in the ruins of the World Trade Center towers in New York City after an al-Qaida terrorist attack.
(AP Photo/Mark Lennihan)
It's been 16 years since the terrorist attacks of Sept. 11, 2001. Understanding what propelled al-Qaida's attacks could help guard against further violence.