Multiple sclerosis involves the immune system attacking the protective myelin sheath of neurons.
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The gut microbiome plays a big role in mediating how the immune system responds to perceived threats, which include the body’s own nerves.
Microglia (colored green) play several essential roles in maintaining brain health and function.
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Microglia, immune cells disguised as brain cells, are known as the janitors of the brain. Dialing up their usual duties just enough could provide an avenue to treat neurodegenerative disease.
Actor and singer Selena Gomez had a kidney transplant due to damage from lupus.
German doctors have reported success in treating patients with severe lupus, using cell treatments like those used for some forms of blood cancer.
MS is an autoimmune disease in which elements of the immune system begin to damage the brain and spinal cord.
The causes of multiple sclerosis (MS) are complex, but recent research found Epstein Barr virus, the same virus that causes mononucleosis, is an environmental trigger for MS.
Shakira Hussein (seated in chair) with daughter Adalya Nash Hussein. Photo by Leah Jing McIntosh.
Disabled single mother Shakira Hussein reflects on her secret weapon against adversity. Adalya, her ‘excessively mature’ daughter, appointed herself her mother’s carer and fierce protector from age 9.
Immunologists are studying how the SARS-CoV-2 virus interacts with antibodies in the immune system.
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COVID-19 has taken away so much. An immunology researcher describes the good it may leave behind.
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Getting glandular fever between ages 11 and 19 is associated with a significantly increased risk of getting MS after age 20.
Infections diagnosed in a hospital between ages 11 and 19 are associated with an increased risk of multiple sclerosis.
Our stomach and brain are connected through the ‘gut-brain axis’.
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Our gut microbes play a key role in sending and receiving signals that influence the brain.
In patients with MS, the body’s immune system attacks the nerve cells.
This antibody protects patients from viruses, even while on immunosuppressant drugs.
Child's feet on bathroom scale
Obesity in young people today may contribute up to 14% of overall risk of multiple sclerosis in 2035.
Further tests are needed but a trial showed that, when compared against placebo treatment, those given the drug had a 79% lower risk of developing severe disease.
We shown how to stop immune cells from attacking the nervous system cells.
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Our research has found a way of switching immune system cells from attacking to protecting.
People who have trouble with their speech, say after a stroke, can find it challenging. But a speech pathologist can help.
When people lose their speech, they can stop working and friends can drift away. Here’s what we can do to help them get the rehabilitation they need.
In research studies, treated mice were quickly able to regain the ability to walk.
A promising new approach to treating MS tricks defective immune cells into thinking they are attacking the body, when they are in fact being attacked themselves.
Terry Wahls before and after she changed her diet.
A doctor with MS who experimented with diet and other treatments has experienced a slowing of her decline – now she’s researching why it happened.
Signals from inside the brain can reveal what’s happening in nerve cells.
When nerve cells in the brain pass electrical signals to each other, they create tiny electric fields that can be sensed from outside the skull.
Studying digital and biological connections can shed light on both fields.
Biological research can inspire technological innovation. Also, software that models computer networks can inform health care for patients with neurological disorders.
People exposed to low levels of sunlight are more likely to have MS than those who live in warm climates.
Young women are disproportionately affected by multiple sclerosis, a disease where the body attacks the brain, scrambling communication to the rest of the body. Here’s what we know about the causes.
Medical cannabis challenges scientific norms and the usual regulation of medicines.