Grasslands can store carbon reliably under increasingly hot and dry climates.
Large areas targeted for forest restoration in Africa are covered by savanna and grassland, which provide important ecosystem services that would be lost should they be converted to forests.
African elephant in Kruger national park, South Africa.
In large ecosystems, managing elephant populations so they don’t exceed a certain threshold number is arbitrary.
John Ceulemans / shutterstock
Yes, there are more fires in Africa than Brazil. But unlike the Amazon, Africa’s savannah has evolved to grow back quickly.
An example of woody plant encroachment over Eagle-Siding in South Africa’s Eastern Cape province. D Edwards (1954) and James Puttick (2010).
Images courtesy of rePhotoSA.
Woody plants’ cover has increased across large swathes of the continent in the past three decades.
A Wildebeeste, or Gnu.
Africa’s famous animal migrations are increasingly blocked by fences, erected by farmers to keep their livestock safe from disease. But a new approach aims to deliver healthy beef and healthy wildlife.
Tropical forests in the Congo for example have exceptionally high animal and plant species.
Forests and savannas are expected to be strongly affected in the coming decades by changing rainfall patterns. But land use will also have a major impact.