The Hoddle Grid that dictates the flow of vehicles and people in central Melbourne has had its day. It can be remade to reduce the dominance of cars and create a liveable city for the 21st century.
City by city, the data on CBD visitors vary with the severity of COVID-19 outbreaks and restrictions. But none of the CBDs has recovered former activity levels, and some might never fully recover.
Fewer weekly commutes means many will be willing to commute further. The effects on urban growth of working from home pose serious challenges.
Johannesburg’s central business district is developing into a major cross border shopping hub, servicing the broader sub-Saharan region and has a potential to grow even further.