Articles on Ecology

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Aborigines Using Fire to Hunt Kangaroos, by Joseph Lycett. New research suggests the assumption Aboriginal people lived in open vegetation sustained by fire is misplaced. National Library of Australia

New research turns Tasmanian Aboriginal history on its head. The results will help care for the land

History has told us Aboriginal people in Tasmania almost exclusively occupied open plains. Revelations to the contrary could transform modern conservation.
Montse Barado, casa Armengol (Sorpe). In summer, once a week, cattle ranchers and shepherds climb to the communal lands to have a look at the animals and give them some salt. David Tarrasón i Cerdá,

Taking back the hills: a tale of women rights and lands in the Catalan Pyrenees

In the Catalan Pyrenees, women shepherds and cattle ranchers try to valorise the ancestral agropastoral culture to save the mountains from climate change.
The giant freshwater prawn is native to the Indo-West Pacific from northwest India to Vietnam, Philippines, New Guinea and northern Australia. It has been introduced into many countries for aquaculture. https://www.shutterstock.com

Breeding single-sex animal populations could help prevent disease and poverty

Entire populations of prawn 'super-females' are now being commercially distributed. The science behind this continues to advance and could have a far-reaching impact on both humans and animals.
Wild boar in a swamp in Slidell, Louisiana. AP Photo/Rebecca Santana

Feral pigs harm wildlife and biodiversity as well as crops

Feral pigs are a destructive invasive species across much of North America. In a recent study, forest patches where feral pigs were present had fewer mammal and bird species than swine-free zones.
Black bear near military housing at Eglin Air Force Base in the Florida Panhandle, May 17, 2010. USAF/Kathy Gault

Black bears adapt to life near humans by burning the midnight oil

Once hunted into corners of North America, black bears have expanded across the continent since the early 1900s. But bears that end up living near people aren't seeking close encounters.
Forest restoration is underway in Biliran, Leyte, Philippines led by the local community with support from international researchers and government agencies. Robin Chazdon

High-value opportunities exist to restore tropical rainforests around the world – here’s how we mapped them

Restoring tropical rainforests is good for the climate, wild species and humans. But where to start? A new study pinpoints locations that will maximize benefits and minimize negative impacts.
In the latest Avengers film, our heroes grapple with the consequences of villain Thanos wiping out half the population. The study of resource management shows why this wouldn’t necessarily solve hunger and resource scarcity. Marvel Studios/IMDB

Avengers: Endgame and why a smaller population doesn’t guarantee paradise

Marvel villain Thanos wiped out half the universe's population to create paradise. But as the Avengers find out in Endgame, solving resource scarcity is not that simple.
A U.S. Forest Service employee using a drop torch during a planned burn in Arizona’s Coconino National Forest. USFS/Ian Horvath

Planned burns can reduce wildfire risks, but expanding use of ‘good fire’ isn’t easy

Decades of wildfire suppression have allowed flammable fuels to pile up in US forests. Scientists and managers say careful use of planned fires can reduce risks of large, out-of-control burns.

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