When the establishment retains some leverage over reformers change can be slow, superficial, and short-lived. Sudan appears to be a textbook case of this scenario.
Women in Sudan have been resisting the controls placed on them for some time - by using their smart phones and social media to trade.
Urban public spaces may be built to represent governments, but often become sites of protest.
Songs provided motivation and guidance to protesters in Sudan during their uprising against Omar al-Bashir.
Sudan's academics have been instrumental in bringing regime change and negotiating transitions.
President Emmerson Mnangagwa's decision to double the price of petrol shows very poor judgement and bad leadership.
The world has turned its back on the Nuba people of Sudan. Despite the critical need for food, none of the organisations involved in helping people in dire need have attempted to deliver aid to them.
Students at the University of Khartoum are protesting about a secretive plan to move the institution from its historic buildings.