Vladimir Putin has a history of flattening cities in time of conflict. But alleged war crimes in Chechnya and Syria never resulted in charges, let alone prosecutions. Will Ukraine be any different?
Leaders typically spread power among their ‘rival allies’ to keep it and co-opt enough of those elites in exchange for political support.
Competing visions of Sudan’s future are coming to a head with the democratic aspirations of millions hanging in the balance.
Just as Algeria and South Africa could not stop Morocco’s entry into the AU, neither can they stop Israeli accreditation.
Sudan’s new government came to power after a people-driven process to oust former President Omar al-Bashir. It must be careful to place ordinary Sudanese at the centre of the reforms process.
The people are frustrated with a reform agenda that is unfolding at snail’s pace.
Despite its dire health and economic situation, Sudan has yet to access emergency funding to combat COVID-19.
Omar al-Bashir may be gone but Sudan still has a way to go before it enjoys a functioning democracy.
Remaining nonviolent despite enormous provocation made it difficult for the regime to depict the movement in a negative light
The African Union’s staunch support for al-Bashir, cloaked in criticism of the International Criminal Court, denied justice to the millions affected by the conflict in Sudan.
Ousted president Omar al-Bashir could face the International Criminal Court for his role in Sudan’s clampdown on the non-Arab people of Darfur.
Taking Sudan off America’s list of terror is just one step in the country’s journey to economic recovery
The ICC must not further destroy its credibility by cooperating with the sorts of bad actors who should be before a court themselves.
Despite the dismantling of Sudan’s ruling party, the country’s autocratic leanings still pose a threat to democracy.
Cooperation with the Sudanese government to try al-Bashir could amount to legitimising those who themselves have been implicated in genocide
Ensuring meaningful participation of women in the transitional government can be a first step toward achieving gender equality in a future Sudan.
When the establishment retains some leverage over reformers change can be slow, superficial, and short-lived. Sudan appears to be a textbook case of this scenario.
History shows that when government elites believe that there is a risk that they may lose control of the capital, they escalate targeted violence against civilians.
The killing of protesters by the Sudanese military signifies its reluctance to hand over power, as demanded by the African Union.
The African Union and its member states are creating their own interpretation of immunity which will protect its heads of state from courts abroad.