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Articles on Machine learning

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The increasing use of artificial intelligence and machine learning in public decision making is raising critical issues around fairness and human rights. Getty Images

Artificial intelligence carries a huge upside. But potential harms need to be managed

The increasing use of artificial intelligence and machine learning in public decision making is raising critical issues around fairness and human rights.
“Alfie”, a moral choice machine, is pictured in front of an important question during a press conference in Germany. Arne Dedert/picture alliance via Getty Images

Defining what’s ethical in artificial intelligence needs input from Africans

Inclusivity and diversity also need to be at the level of identifying values and defining frameworks of what counts as ethical AI in the first place.
Art historians have long used traditional X-rays, X-ray fluorescence or infrared imaging to better understand artists’ techniques. Metropolitan Museum of Art/Wikimedia Commons

How AI is hijacking art history

Breathless headlines of artificial intelligence discovering or restoring lost works of art ignore the fact that these machines rarely, if ever, reveal one secret or solve a single mystery.
The subtleties of how genes are transcribed into RNA molecules like the one depicted here are key to understanding the inner workings of cells. Christoph Burgstedt/Science Photo Library via Getty Images

Machine learning plus insights from genetic research shows the workings of cells – and may help develop new drugs for COVID-19 and other diseases

Machine learning is great at finding patterns but doesn’t know what those patterns mean. Combine it with knowledge gained from genetic research and you have a powerful view into the workings of cells.
It should be obvious to this diver that this is a shipwreck and not a reef, but what about to someone looking at a image of this spot taken from an aircraft? LookBermuda/Flickr

AI spots shipwrecks from the ocean surface – and even from the air

It’s difficult to tell a shipwreck from a natural feature on the ocean floor in a scan taken from a plane or ship. This project used deep learning to get it right 92% of the time.

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