In recent years, a growing body of academic research has emerged that outlines how emojis can be used in all forms of communication.
Public participation increased the quality and quantity of some public services, though not in all sectors, and some services were affected more than others.
Republicans in Congress are working to kill an Obama administration rule that broadens public input into federal land use planning. Hunters, fishermen, hikers and environmental groups are opposed.
Indonesia is pushing for more infrastructure development projects. But the people relocated to make way for these projects have very little power to ensure their livelihoods are secure.