A key ingredient for a green future is currently derived from fossil fuels.
Solar panels and electric cars come with their own environmental trade-offs like increased mining and extraction.
Canada could become a global leader in the supply of materials needed for renewable energy systems if it finds ways to control the environmental footprints associated with their extraction.
Rare-earth metals are currently mined or recovered via e-waste recycling — methods with drawbacks including high cost, environmental damage, and risks to human safety. This is where we come in.
Iron fights anemia. Bismuth relieves gastric problems. Lithium acts against depression and gold can treat rheumatoid arthritis. Metals are precious tools for good health.
Other economic collapses have affected the mining industry, but the one spurred by the coronavirus pandemic is unusual.
The digital economy is taking off. So are the greenhouse gas emissions, electronic waste and pollution associated with it.
Companies are developing technologies to mine the deep sea, but environmental regulations have yet to be finalized.