What began in the 1940s as a revolutionary army created to liberate Myanmar from British colonial rule soon turned repressive. The country has been a military dictatorship on and off since 1962.
Despite having a woman leader, women are largely excluded from key positions of influence and leadership in Myanmar — a situation that helped the country's military succeed in its recent coup.
The military coup may mark the end of Myanmar's short-lived and fragile democracy, but it is galvanising growing protest.
The study of the Holocaust, as the ultimate example of genocide, allows teachers to raise the universal message of human rights abuses and mass violence.
The constitutional change needed to further democratise Myanmar is impossible without the military’s consent, so achieving major political transformation through the election alone seems unlikely.
In a country with 135 ethnic minorities, democratic elections have little meaning if the stateless, persecuted Rohingya people continue to be ethnically cleansed.
The International Court of Justice ordered Myanmar to protect its Rohingya minority and preserve any evidence relevant to the genocide charges against it. But compliance is not guaranteed.
Violence against religious minorities around the world prompted the United Nations to mark a day for the victims in 2019. Here is a roundup of some key events around the world.
Dozens of Muslim-majority countries are asking the UN's International Criminal Court to investigate and prosecute a 2017 massacre in Myanmar that killed an estimated 10,000 Rohingya Muslims.
An estimated 500,000 Rohingya children, refugees from Myanmar, are growing up in Bangladesh in overcrowded camps with no access to formal education.
Equipped with rights, knowledge and skills, the global Rohingya diaspora is poised to be influential against the genocidal regime that seeks to erase their people.
Rohingya refugees in Bangladesh have been stuck in makeshift camps for years. They are now being targeted by criminal gangs, alongside public health and well-being issues.
In Myanmar, spousal abuse is legal and stigma stop most women from reporting sexual violence. A bill championed by feminists but long stalled in Parliament may soon give women their basic rights.
The UN's Genocide Convention turns 70 this month. It's time for the world to reaffirm its commitment to the international law and show the moral courage of our convictions.
One of the most pressing issues in the region that Indonesia must deal with as a new UN Security Council non-permanent member is the Rohingya crisis.
The federal government has set aside $22.2 million to develop and co-ordinate sanctions while educating Canadians about their obligations. Where to start is the first question.
A new report recommends the UN Security Council refer members of the Myanmar military – and potentially some Rohingya forces – to the International Criminal Court.
One of the world's worst refugee crises is still unfolding, and conditions on the ground have barely improved.
The United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees assesses the refugee claims of millions of people worldwide. It needs to be more open about what it discovers and how it makes decisions.
When Aung San Suu Kyi led her party to victory in 2015, many hoped Myanmar's worst days were behind them. But the government's complicity in the Rohingya crisis has tarnished her reputation.