Hand, foot and mouth disease may not be a public health priority, but parents and caregivers at day-care centres should still be careful about its spread.
Plague, one of the deadliest diseases in the world, has been reported in several African countries in the past decade.
Understanding what causes diseases is a life-and-death matter. It is a complicated issue that has generated a great deal of debate in the medical community.
For most women, participating in the labour force is dependent on whether they have adequate child care they can rely on.
Doctors in South Africa have not been doing enough counselling of people who drink, smoke, don't exercise and eat badly on ways to change their lifestyles.
Vasectomies could be an effective male birth control method in Africa but the procedure is misunderstood and therefore poorly used.
People who have rheumatoid arthritis often suffer from depression as well. For poor people this is often worse because they cut off their social networks.
In sub-Saharan Africa more women may be infected with HIV than men - but men are more likely to die because of poor testing and treatment regimes.
With limited laboratory capacity and a lack of experts and funding, an outbreak of the Zika virus in Africa could be problematic.
Despite Nigeria's success in eradicating polio, it is struggling to get a grip on mother and child vaccinations.
The closure of several mines in South Africa and production cuts could have a detrimental impact on the health of miners who rely on in-house HIV and TB treatment programmes.
Newly appointed Nigerian Health Minister Isaac Adewole is focused on providing primary healthcare services.
It's impossible to think about maternal health in Ethiopia without thinking about the time and distance between where rural women live and where the government constructs health facilities.
When men deny the paternity of children, many South African women feel like they have no recourse. Making DNA tests affordable and accessible could change this.
South Africa's plan for universal health coverage has taken another crucial step with the introduction of a new policy document aimed at delivering more equitable healthcare.
South Africa's programmes preventing HIV transmission from mothers to children have been hugely successful. But there are still gaps that need to be filled.
Women who were found to have lied in a clinical trial testing anti-HIV drugs were heavily criticised. But there are several factors that drove them to lie.
Scientists are developing various products that can provide contraception and protection from sexually transmitted infections and HIV at the same time.
Although men make up two-thirds of HIV-related deaths, there are not enough services geared towards helping them.
In Ethiopia health extension workers in rural areas fulfill an essential service - but they feel they have no career path.