Hand, foot and mouth disease may not be a public health priority, but parents and caregivers at day-care centres should still be careful about its spread.
Uncollected rubbish provides food and shelter for rodents which can spread plague if they pick up the bacteria.
Plague, one of the deadliest diseases in the world, has been reported in several African countries in the past decade.
Understanding what causes diseases is a life-and-death matter. It is a complicated issue that has generated a great deal of debate in the medical community.
Women’s ability to work is severely constrained by the lack of child care facilities in urban slums.
For most women, participating in the labour force is dependent on whether they have adequate child care they can rely on.
Smoking, excessive drinking, not exercising or eating unhealthy foods leads to lifestyle diseases.
Doctors in South Africa have not been doing enough counselling of people who drink, smoke, don't exercise and eat badly on ways to change their lifestyles.
Vasectomies allow fathers to have a more active role in family planning.
Vasectomies could be an effective male birth control method in Africa but the procedure is misunderstood and therefore poorly used.
People suffering from rheumatoid arthritis have poor control over their painful, swollen joints and face progressive disability.
People who have rheumatoid arthritis often suffer from depression as well. For poor people this is often worse because they cut off their social networks.
A community health worker walks a couple through an HIV test in Malawi. Mostly men do not access these services.
Baylor College of Medicine Children's Foundation–Malawi / Robbie Flick
In sub-Saharan Africa more women may be infected with HIV than men - but men are more likely to die because of poor testing and treatment regimes.
Should there be an outbreak of the Zika virus in Africa, the continent will not be able to cope.
With limited laboratory capacity and a lack of experts and funding, an outbreak of the Zika virus in Africa could be problematic.
Despite Nigeria's success in eradicating polio, it is struggling to get a grip on mother and child vaccinations.
Anglo American’s plans to reduce its operations will have an impact on the provision of health services to miners.
The closure of several mines in South Africa and production cuts could have a detrimental impact on the health of miners who rely on in-house HIV and TB treatment programmes.
Nigerian Health Minister Isaac Adewole has a great deal of fixing to the country’s primary healthcare system.
Newly appointed Nigerian Health Minister Isaac Adewole is focused on providing primary healthcare services.
Long, often arduous walks are common for women in Ethiopia seeking health care.
It's impossible to think about maternal health in Ethiopia without thinking about the time and distance between where rural women live and where the government constructs health facilities.
Men can deny paternity in when women they are involved with fall pregnant as a way of punishing the women.
When men deny the paternity of children, many South African women feel like they have no recourse. Making DNA tests affordable and accessible could change this.
A nurse weighs a baby at a clinic in Johannesburg. South Africa has released its policy document to implement its universal health coverage plan.
South Africa's plan for universal health coverage has taken another crucial step with the introduction of a new policy document aimed at delivering more equitable healthcare.
The successful prevention of mother to child transmission programmes means nearly all HIV-infected pregnant women should get anti-retroviral treatment to protect their babies.
Joshua Wanyama/Africa Knows
South Africa's programmes preventing HIV transmission from mothers to children have been hugely successful. But there are still gaps that need to be filled.
A woman prepares ribbons ahead of World Aids Day.
Women who were found to have lied in a clinical trial testing anti-HIV drugs were heavily criticised. But there are several factors that drove them to lie.
Women would prefer a product that addresses multiple sexual and reproductive health risks at the same time.
Scientists are developing various products that can provide contraception and protection from sexually transmitted infections and HIV at the same time.
HIV services are not geared towards men even though they make up two-thirds of the HIV-related deaths globally.
Although men make up two-thirds of HIV-related deaths, there are not enough services geared towards helping them.
A woman extension worker employed by the Afar Pastoralist Development Association. Some health extension workers are separated from their families and some are unable to move.
Kate Holt/Anglican Overseas Aid
In Ethiopia health extension workers in rural areas fulfill an essential service - but they feel they have no career path.