Philanthropist Bill Gates addresses delegates at the 2016 Aids Conference in Durban.
Bill Gates, who has been identified as the world's most significant donor in the fight against AIDS, shares his thoughts on the pandemic with Africa's most prominent HIV/AIDS academics.
There is a link between online social networking technologies and increased risky sexual behaviour.
Online social networking technologies have been linked with increased risky sexual behaviour -- and Swaziland is no different.
A client receives HIV/AIDS counseling at a women and children’s hospital in Nigeria. These facilities are not always available in rural areas.
Flickr/ Karen Kasmauski/MCSP
Effectively decentralising HIV and AIDS treatment services helps to improve universal health care. But in Nigeria this approach comes with many challenges.
Pre-exposure prophylaxis is providing an exciting new innovation to tackle HIV prevention.
Trials have shown that rates of HIV infection are reduced if people not infected with HIV take anti-retrovirals - known as pre-exposure prophylaxis (PrEP). But adherence to a daily dose is a problem.
Two characters who feature in the film PILI about rural women living with HIV in Tanzania.
The stories of HIV positive women in Tanzania often go unheard outside the communities in which they live.
For the next five years South Africa will be leading one of the latest large-scale trials for a vaccine for HIV.
Frontline workers need to be engaged in the process of building responsive, interconnected health systems.
The millennium development goals were laudable but the approach to achieving them was flawed. An integrated, bottom-up approach is needed if the sustainable development goals are to be met by 2030.
Precision public health can make a huge difference to people across Africa.
Albert González Farran, UNAMID
Precision public health has the potential to transform the global health sphere by ensuring that the right interventions are brought to the right people in the right places.
The age profile of people living in Africa is changing - they are living longer.
The burden of communicable disease is declining in Africa and life expectancy is increasing. But non-communicable diseases like diabetes, cardiovascular disease and cancer are wreaking havoc.
Anti-rape protesters at President Jacob Zuma’s election results speech.
The ghost of ‘Khwezi’ – the woman who accused Jacob Zuma of rape in 2006 – continues to haunt him, just as the spectre of rape continues to haunt South Africa.
Distribution of cash can be useful for delivering child care.
Dispensing cash to ensure healthy care for vulnerable children is critical, but it must be supplemented by other interventions to maximise well-being.
The drug Truvada is used for PrEP treatment.
A judge has found that NHS England cannot reasonably refuse to fund anti-HIV drugs for gay men. This is a major step forward.
A model of the hepatitis B virus in a blood vessel with red blood cells.
Liver cancer in Africans tends to occur between the ages of 30 and 40. But a study has found that it occurs at a significantly younger age in those who are infected with HIV and hepatitis B.
Young women who attended the International AIDS Conference in Durban, South Africa.
International AIDS Society/Rogan Ward
The focus of the 2016 International AIDS Conference has on access to necessary antiretrovirals, equity and making sure no-one is left behind. But there is a funding gap that needs to be addressed.
Injectable progestin contraceptives are particularly popular in sub-Saharan Africa.
Studies have suggested that women using a particular kind of injectable contraceptive are more susceptible to HIV infection. Research in mice offers new insights.
Testing and treatment is important in tackling HIV. But stigma and access need to be addressed too.
Taking antiretrovirals is key to reducing HIV infection rates, but the challenge lies in making sure people who know they are infected actually take the drugs.
Activists protest the criminalisation of sex work outside the 21st International AIDS Conference in Durban, South Africa.
International AIDS Society/Abhi Indrarajan
Mobility is not only a risk factor for HIV – it is also a structural determinant in how HIV responses are designed and implemented.
South African HIV rights group, the Treatment Action Campaign, marching through Durban, calling for antiretroviral access for all.
International AIDS Society/Rogan Ward
Current epidemiological and financial trends suggest there's a major risk of a substantial shortfall in the funds required to sustain life-saving antiretroviral programmes.
Africa Centre for Population Health
A new centre in South Africa will work to significantly reduce emerging HIV and TB co-infections.
The more scientists understand about what drives HIV transmission, the more they can start to fight the virus.
Rupak De Chowdhuri/Reuters
Three new studies conducted in South Africa provide insights into the engine that drives HIV transmission in the country.