South Africans may have political rights, but many don’t enjoy the basics celebrated in the constitution.
As South Africa marks Human Rights Day and the 20th anniversary of its constitution it's a good time to reflect on the problems it faces in making constitutional rights a reality.
Mass funeral for the victims of the 1960 Sharpeville massacre.
Besides a reminder of a dark period in South Africa's history, Human Rights Day also celebrates the country's unique, highly acclaimed constitution which guarantees human dignity and equal rights.
The HIV virus.
We have an awful lot in common with the viruses that infect us.
HIV plays hide and seek with the body’s immune system to evade detection. But we can learn from its tactics to make a range of vaccines against infectious diseases.
Researchers are learning how HIV hides from the immune system to develop a new generation of vaccines for seemingly unrelated diseases, like the flu.
AIDS march in Los Angeles.
AIDS and HIV are still major health threats, fueled by poverty and discrimination as much as by the virus responsible for the infection.
It’s not all ha ha hee hee hee.
When it comes to sexual health, public information has tended to focus on the young. Time for a change.
Two characters who feature in the film PILI about rural women living with HIV in Tanzania.
The stories of HIV positive women in Tanzania often go unheard outside the communities in which they live.
Doing it differently.
Ignoring those at 'high risk' of HIV in order to sustain the idea of the 'good' gay man will only perpetuate the virus.
Rates of sexually transmissible infections among the Indigenous population are still much higher than the non-Indigenous population.
The annual surveillance report of sexually transmissible infections and blood borne viruses in Australia has found notifications of sexually transmissible infections are on the rise in Australia.
Recent improvements in medical management of HIV infection are not well understood in the legal sector.
HIV diagnosis is devastating for patients and their families. But the infection is no longer a death sentence, and should not be prosecuted as such say experts.
Migration patterns can have an impact on health and policies.
When people migrate they can end up worse off when it comes to getting access to health care. Analysing migration trends can help drive local public health policy towards the correct targets.
Meshack Mavuso played the role of ‘The Man with the Green Blanket’ in ‘Marikana the Musical’
Two musicals set in working class mining communities -- one in the UK and the other in South Africa -- have diametrically opposed messages: one of hope; the other, despair.
Injectable progestin contraceptives are particularly popular in sub-Saharan Africa.
Studies have suggested that women using a particular kind of injectable contraceptive are more susceptible to HIV infection. Research in mice offers new insights.
PrEP works by preventing susceptible cells becoming infected with HIV. Truvada blocks the HIV virus from making copies of itself.
Efficacy is estimated to be as high as 99% in men who have sex with men who take Truvada daily.
Community activities in Kampala, Uganda, organised by SASA!
Many women across the world feel unable to refuse sex or request condom use. Empowering them could help bring down HIV rates.
Simplicity of delivery will be critical if a ‘cure’ is going to be deliverable in the parts of the world where HIV is endemic.
Curing HIV – or at least achieving long-term remission – is possible, under the right circumstances.
Those who enter prison uninfected are at risk of becoming infected.
Worldwide, around 30 million people enter and leave prison each year. Of these people, around 4.5 million have hepatitis C, almost 1 million have HIV and 1.5 million have hepatitis B infections.
The 90-90-90 strategy is an attempt to get the HIV epidemic under control by adopting a ‘test and treat’ approach. This is part of the plan to eliminate AIDS by 2030.
Cases of AIDS are so few they are no longer recorded on public health registers.
There are good reasons for drawing attention to “the end of AIDS” in Australia. But this needs to be read with caution.
Many men are still acquiring HIV during gay sex but it's a complex issue not easily explained by niche activities such as chemsex parties.