Some of the artefacts found after disappearing from the National Museum of Iraq.
Looting of Iraq's national museum began on April 10, 2003. At least half of the artefacts taken remain missing and disturbingly, the illegal trade in stolen antiquities has grown in the years since.
: Ian Cartwright/Michael Petraglia/Palaeodeserts Project
How we found the oldest human fossil ever discovered outside Africa and the Levant.
Who gets to decide for the dead, such as this Egyptian mummy?
AP Photo/Ric Feld
Are DNA samples today's version of the human skeletons that hung in 20th-century natural history museums? They can provide genetic revelations about our species' history – but at an ethical price.
A mythical Amazonia of lost tribes or lost cities is easy to challenge on a factual basis, but such objections appear rather feeble in the face of the power of cliché.
Each discipline tells us only part of the story. And so the truest picture of prehistory comes from triangulating these independent lines of evidence.
LiDAR, was used to “redraw” the remains of the city, along the lower western slopes of the Suikerbosrand hills near Johannesburg.
Technology which located Mayan cities has been used to rediscover a southern African city from the 15th century.
Ilze Kitshoff/Warner Bros
Looting of antiquities is a serious problem, but looters are not always just motivated by greed.
Understanding the past requires knowledge that goes beyond modern science.
Burial sites may contain treasures, or just old bones. And looters won’t know until they’ve destroyed them.
Julia Kate Clark
Mongolia's important historical sites are under threat from climate change and looting - and one exacerbates the other.
It can be difficult to find records from epidemics long past.
U.S. National Library of Medicine
One hundred years after a strange and devastating pandemic, researchers comb for clues in dusty libraries, church records and long- forgotten books.
Morning Mist Rock Island Bend, Franklin River, Southwest Tasmania.
Peter Dombrovskis/ (courtesy Liz Dombrovskis) AAP
The Franklin River campaign is commonly seen as a green victory; a fight for the right of 'wilderness' to exist. But archaeological research revealing the region's deep Aboriginal history was crucial to it.
Teeth fossils with evidence of dental lesions from
Prehistoric humans and their predecessors may have had a very different diet but their teeth suffered in similar ways to ours.
Graham Bartholomew/BBC/Wild Mercury Productions
A new BBC series has put Troy back on the map. But how much do we know about this city of legend?
The possible join between the fragments of an ancient epic written in cuneiform in London and Geneva has been speculated for over 50 years.
The remains of what has been identified as Isaiah’s seal.
Ouria Tadmor/ Eilat Mazar
The discovery of the signature of Christianity's favourite prophet has caused a stir, but what does it mean?
Neanderthals, rather than modern humans, created the world's oldest cave paintings.
Deep inside Monte Kronio, hot, humid and sulfurous caves held an ancient secret.
Giuseppe Savino, La Venta Esplorazioni Geografiche
Growing grapes and making wine come with a lot of implications about a culture's capabilities. Apparently, Sicily of 6,000 years ago was more sophisticated than archaeologists had given it credit for.
Footprint from 700,000 years ago.
Children in the distant past were put to work early, reveal footprints.
Fossilized teeth from a modern human who lived in Israel close to 200,000 years ago.
Israel Hershkovitz, Tel Aviv University
New discoveries are changing archaeologists' ideas about the origins of our own species and our migration out of Africa. This fossil pushes Homo sapiens' African exodus date back by 50,000 years.
Skeletal fragments from Hummervikholmen, one of sites featured in this study.
Scandinavia was populated by two main migrations, making its first inhabitants more genetically diverse and adapted to harsh climates than those in the rest of Europe.