A set of fossils that lay forgotten in a museum are revealing new secrets about Britain's prehistoric wildlife.
The fossilised skull of an Odontocyclops displays its pineal foramen.
Nkansahrexford (Own work) via Wikimedia Commons
Mammals' ancestors had a third eye and the fossil record of its disappearance tells us the story of the evolution of one of our most important features: warm blood.
A 133 million-year-old fossil hints that dinosaurs had bigger brains than we've realised.
Savannasaurus was pretty small, by titanosaur standards.
Travis Tischler/Australian Age of Dinosaurs Museum of Natural History
Dinosaur bones unearthed at one of Australia's richest fossil sites have introduced us to a new species: Savannasaurus, one of a family of huge dinosaurs that trekked here more than 100 million years ago.
Cave artists knew about the elusive bison some 17,000 years ago.
DNA analysis suggests that a newly discovered species of bison roamed Europe some 17,000 years ago - as prehistoric cave artists were trying to tell us all along.
Were legs a quirk of genetic mutation rather than an evolutionary inevitability?
Robert Nicholls, Palaeocreations
Uncovering the monsters of the prehistoric deep.
A 3D model of the long-lost Scalopocynodon gracilis skull.
Evolutionary Studies Unit, Wits University
An old technique to explore the inside of fossils unfortunately ended up destroying some unique specimens. New technology has been used to reconstruct one such fossil.
This skull belongs to the carnivorous gorgonopsian therapsid Smilesaurus ferox which lived 255 million years ago.
Cradle of Humankind/Flickr/Wikimedia
Modern sabre-tooth mammals have their canines constantly on display. This allows them to seduce mates. But was sexual selection also an important phenomenon among our pre-mammalian ancestors?
The earliest hominin cancer.
Patrick Randolph-Quinney (University of Central Lancashire/University of the Witwatersrand)
Cancer is not the modern disease many believe it to be. New fossil evidence from two South African caves suggests that its origins lie deep in prehistory.
If life survived on Earth 3.7 billion years ago, why not elsewhere in the solar system?
Scientists say they've found fossils showing life existed on Earth 3.7 billion years ago. How good is the evidence? And what does it mean for the search for life elsewhere in our solar system?
An exciting discovery suggests small pterosaurs weren't forced out by the rise of birds.
A living coucal from South Africa, whose huge prehistoric relatives lived on the Nullarbor.
The Nullarbor is an arid, treeless expanse today. But several hundred thousand years ago it was home to a menagerie of species, including two newly discovered giant cuckoo-like birds.
A replica of a Homo naledi skull.
New evidence suggests that Homo naledi didn't deliberately deposit their dead in a hidden chamber.
The Australian lungfish has a bigger brain than you might think.
To understand how some creatures evolved, you need to see how their brain developed over millions of years. That's now possible thanks to some clever use of scanning technology.
Arambourgiania pterosaurs sharing a small theropod for dinner.
Recent research is helping us to solve the mysteries of these bizarre prehistoric creatures.
Royal Saskatchewan Museum/RC McKellar
For the first time, feathers, bone and skin of the earliest birds have been found, trapped in amber.
Mammals like otters use their whiskers to orientate themselves – just like their pre-mammalian ancestors did.
A tiny pit on mammal-like animals’ snouts has revealed a great deal about how mammalian hair originated.
A replica of the remains of “Lucy” at the National Museum in Addis Ababa, Ethiopia.
When it comes to valuable African fossils, much is at stake. They often unearth disputed ways of debating archaeology as a science of ‘discovery’.
Coal has provided us with some stunning fossils.
Despite its insidious influence on the climate and our health, coal has a lesser-known positive side to its otherwise dark soul. It has provided us with some stunning fossils.