Nigeria was quick to respond and control the 2014 Ebola outbreak.
Nigeria's health systems are overwhelmed and incapable of sustaining high quality disease surveillance, prevention, control and response.
White spot virus is highly infectious, and can kill more than 80% of farmed prawns within days.
It's possible the white spot virus is now endemic in Australia - in other countries where it has broken out, it has never been eradicated.
Reuters/ Mike Hutchings
When day zero arrives in Cape Town, the routine surveillance systems that monitor disease outbreaks will be enhanced to pick up new diseases.
A baby cries during diphtheria immunisation at a clinic in Cibinong, Bogor, West Java, south of Jakarta, Indonesia, December 5, 2017.
Antara Foto/Yulius Satria Wijaya/via REUTERS
An outbreak of diphtheria in Indonesia is not caused by a singular factor. The country needs better vaccination coverage and distribution as well as better antibiotics.
Tailgating can be fun, but watch what goes into your drink.
Monkey Business Images/www.shutterstock.com
Bacteria are everywhere, even on your drink garnishes and ice. While most are not going to harm you, some can make you very sick. Here are some things to consider at public drink stations.
Lassa fever in several Nigerian states is being spread by rats.
World Health Organisation
Lassa outbreaks are becoming more widespread in Nigeria but have not been given national emergency status like Ebola.
Pregnant women in Sierra Leone, Guinea and Liberia were faced with the double fear of dying from Ebola as well during childbirth.
We found that less than 1% of published research papers around the time of both outbreaks, that related to the outbreaks, actually explored their gendered impact.
Timeliness is important for detecting epidemics.
We need better surveillance systems to detect epidemics early. But while social media has been flagged as a potential solution, we're not quite there yet.
What could we do if a real-life zombie disease started to spread?
How much will it cost to fumigate the streets of Haiti?
How does an institution like the World Bank come to put a price tag on a virus like Zika or any other health calamity?
A book about
Aedes aegypti mosquitoes is seen next to larvae in a laboratory conducting research on preventing the spread of the Zika virus and other mosquito-borne diseases, at the Ministry of Public Health in Guatemala City.
Aedes aegypti is adapted to live in close proximity with humans, and this close association likely contributes to the severity of the Zika outbreak.
Measles immunization campaign poster display at the Eradicate Measles Exhibit in 1972.
CDC/ Don Lovell via Public Health Image Library
When the measles vaccine was introduced, it was associated with reductions in more childhood disease deaths than were actually caused by the measles. How does that work?
How many of them are vaccinated?
Henrik Winther Andersen/Shutterstock
The measles outbreak traced back to Disneyland has spread to eight states, with as many as 95 cases reported by January 28. Media outlets are highlighting the rise of anti-vaccination sentiments. Scientists…
Air travel can turn epidemics into pandemics.
More than 8,000 people have died from Ebola in West Africa since February 2014 and it has spread beyond the three countries initially affected. So, it’s an epidemic, right? Or is it an outbreak? What about…
Short-term panic draws attention away from long-term solutions.
It does not make the news when a two year old boy dies of Ebola in Guinea. Nor when his sister, his mother and his grandmother succumb. It takes time for local officials to recognize an outbreak. By the…
Feeling sorry for yourself? Why not whine about it on social media? No, seriously.
Twitter has become the latest online tool to be used to monitor the spread of disease. Researchers are looking at whether…
A food-borne illness is spreading quickly through the United States, an investigation by the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) has revealed. The disease, called cyclosporiasis, is common…