Coalition forces are careful about how they report civilian deaths. And we think war is painless, as a result.
Child soldiers in the Democratic Republic of Congo.
Whether as soldiers, suicide bombers or human shields, children are an increasingly common sight on the battlefield.
Japanese soldiers of the Sino-Japanese War.
As Japanese imperialism rose and fell, its leaders interpreted and re-interpreted a single distinctive concept: "bushido".
A round of ominous war games might not be cover for military action, but it could raise tensions to an explosive level.
A pigeon ready for release, showing the cylinder containing a message strapped to her leg.
Imperial War Museum
The humble carrier pigeon played a huge role in World War I and saved many lives. But despite huge technological advances, animals are still suffering and dying in modern wars.
Star Wars fantasy or effective weapon system of the future?
The droid K-2SO from Rogue One: A Star Wars Story.
Rebel fighters in the latest Star Wars movie are helped by a droid that was captured from the enemy and reprogrammed. Could that happen in real life with today's autonomous weapons?
The effort to take back IS's biggest prize in Iraq has begun at last. But there's no shortage of other problems to deal with.
The future battlefield will look very different.
What is hybrid warfare, and why would Australia benefit from its technological developments?
A man walks past graffiti denouncing strikes by U.S. drones in Yemen, painted on a wall in Sanaa, Yemen.
Passionate disagreement over drone strikes obscures the fact that we actually don’t know much about how they affect U.S. interests.
What would you do?
The author sat in on one of the Swedish military's virtual reality training exercises. Here's what they saw.
Who gets to fire the gun? Man or AI-powered machine?
When it comes to weapons with artificial intelligence, there's an argument for keeping a human in charge of some of the action.
In 1991 Iraq forces set fire to Kuwait oil fields.
By Jonas Jordan, United States Army Corps of Engineers [Public domain], via Wikimedia Commons
Acts perpetrated during the course of warfare have, through the ages, led to significant environmental destruction.
When Raymond Odierno has beef, it’s best to listen.
The head of the US army isn't keen for a key ally to opt out of its commitments.
The tweet is mightier than the sword.
The British Army is bringing in a new brigade, specialising in psychological warfare, and particularly the use of social media. Whereas the infantry, cavalry, artillery and engineers have been staple units…
You never know what you’ll find when you rifle through a box of war diaries.
Digital networks and databases appear to crush historical distance. Archives of war increasingly come to us. A simple YouTube search throws up a chaotic mix of official and unauthorised, user-generated…
Incendiaries of varying complexity have been used in warfare since ancient times.
The petrol bomb – or “Molotov cocktail” – is an iconic symbol of 20th-century political violence. Simple, cheap and effective, it has become a staple feature of protest, riot and rebellion; a weapon of…
A MQ-9 Reaper Drone has an operational cost one-fifth of the F35 Joint Strike Fighter. So should drones replace soldiers in military warfare?
US Air Force
Cost is largely absent in the key debates around the use of unmanned drones in war, even though drones are a cost-effective way of achieving national security objectives. Many of the common objections…
Ancient Mayan armies used spiked clubs for open terrain conflict, new research shows. A study of 116 skulls remaining from…
It’s not a game: RAF pilots controlling a UAV at Kandahar Airport.
The Reaper drone pilot and sensor operator stared intently at the bank of screens in front of them, their concentration fixed on one individual. Their target had been identified by more than one intelligence…