One important reason for the Spartans’ obsession with fighting was the constant possibility they would need these skills in war and also at home, in Sparta itself.
From about age seven, Spartan children learned to fight and practise obeying orders. They also staged pretend battles. Boys and girls were trained separately.
President Donald Trump speaks at a rally in Indiana.
AP Photo/Carolyn Kaster
Trump appeals to his base in a way that philosophers knew was effective thousands of years ago.
The Parthenon is visible for miles around from the Acropolis (citadel) on which it stands.
The Parthenon has been seen as central to the history of Western civilisation. But the building has a troubled past that is somewhat at odds with our ideas of democratic values.
Anselm Feuerbach’s depiction of Medea, circa 1870: the play is particularly cogent today in the context of the #MeToo movement’s assault on patriarchal power.
Euripides’ dismissal by some as a misogynist sits uncomfortably alongside his complex and sympathetic female characters.
In Ancient Greek texts, the king Lycaon is punished for misdeeds by being turned into a wolf.
The earliest surviving example of man-to-wolf transformation is found in The Epic of Gilgamesh, from around 2,100 BC. But the werewolf as we now know it first appeared in ancient Greece and Rome.
Despite its economic crises, Greece did not falter in its mission to support arts and culture. Rhodes, pictured here, has become a role model when it comes to promoting a visionary cultural policy and supporting a vibrant arts and culture community.
The Greek model of supporting the arts is both old and ongoing; it embraces difference and internationalism and believes art is the cornerstone to civil society. We should learn from that model.
Zenobia addressing her troops.
Giambattista Tiepolo (National Gallery)
Anything is possible in the world of computers games – except women who fight, apparently.
Without the scientific knowledge we have today, ancient cultures turned to myths and legends to understand celestial objects.
My investigations have generated stunning insights into how the ancient Greeks made music.
Statue of Eros of the type of Centocelle. Roman artwork of the 2nd century AD, probably a copy after a Greek original.
Erotic spells were a popular form of magic in ancient Greece and Rome. Ancient spells were often violent, brutal and without any sense of caution or remorse.
What's needed is a comprehensive international strategy to combat the illicit trade in antiquities.
Graham Bartholomew/BBC/Wild Mercury Productions
A new BBC series has put Troy back on the map. But how much do we know about this city of legend?
Heinrich Leutemann [Public domain], via Wikimedia Commons
There's a surprising amount in common between ancient ways of thinking about the future and the techniques we use now.
A fragment of a wall painting showing two lovers in bed from the House of L Caecilius Jucundus in Pompeii, now at Naples National Archaeological Museum.
From phallus-shaped wind chimes to explicit erotica on lamps and cups, sex is everywhere in ancient Greek and Roman art. But our interpretations of these images say much about our own culture.
A Greek amphora showing athletes, 4th century B.C.
©Trustees of the British Museum. (CC BY-NC-SA 4.0)
The idea that the athletic contests – held in honour of the Greek god Zeus for over a thousand years – were shut down by a puritanical Christian emperor makes for a good story. But is it true?
Pamphlets for participatory budgeting processes in New York , a system that does back to ancient Greece.
Politicians assume that voters cannot face the financial truth. To democracy experts this is just wrong. Involving voters results in better budgets as shows history from ancient Greece.
Fresco showing a woman called Sappho holding writing implements from Pompeii Naples National Archaeological Museum.
Sappho sang of desire, passion and love – mostly directed towards women. As new fragments of her work are found, a fuller picture of her is emerging, but she remains the most mysterious of ancient poets.
Current IOC President Thomas Bach touches a monument to Olympic founder Pierre de Coubertin in ancient Olympia, southern Greece, in 2016.
(AP Photo/Petros Giannakouris)
As the Olympics get underway, what would the man who founded the modern Olympic movement think? Pierre de Coubertin's vision of the Olympics as a tool of peace and faith in youth still resonates.
A giant rally in Thessaloniki and another in Athens show the strength of feeling in Greek Macedonia – and all over a country's name.
A painting depicting a debate between Socrates and Aspasia, by Nicolas André Monsiaux, circa 1800.
In Athenian society, it appears some elite courtesans were better educated than traditional wives. Other sex workers were sold into the role as children.