There is no research evidence that spanking improves child behaviour. On the contrary, spanking is associated with aggression, antisocial behaviour, mental health problems and negative relationships with parents.
The debate on spanking is over. Scientific studies consistently show that it is harmful to children, increasing the likelihood of mental health problems and antisocial behaviours.
Design deficiencies that contribute to conflict in public spaces often start at the edges.
Redesigning spaces of conflict starts with creating life on the edges. Geelong offers contrasting examples of city centre spaces: one with problems inherent in its design and a nearby one that works.
Forgive me, for I have borrowed.
About 10 million borrowers in the government's main student loan program are struggling to make their payments, yet unlike other types of debt, it's next to impossible to have it forgiven.