Where do we go from here? After a dramatic year, we look ahead to some key economic and political trends that will influence our lives over the next 12 months.
The misconceived perception that decisions made by a few elites are good for all could potentially foment resentment by ordinary African citizens against regionalism.
Globalisation still has the potential to deliver good – via entrepreneurship.
If the world starts to restrict trade and crack down on foreign investment, it will affect China's growth, which will in turn affect the world.
One thing became dramatically apparent in the economic sphere following the Cold War: capitalism was ubiquitous, but it looked very different in Japan, Germany, the US and China.
Research shows that low-skilled workers are losing jobs and wages in developed countries because of trade, but the evidence still isn't there as to who are the winners.
The people wanted reform but they got excuses, and now populism is winning.
First clue: inequality.