Nitrous oxide inhaled out of a balloon gives the user euphoric feelings.
"Nangs" are cheap, legal and easy to get - but like most drugs, they are also highly dangerous.
A new version of Gardasil, the HPV vaccine that protects against cervical cancer, has just been approved for listing on the Pharmaceutical Benefits Schedule.
A new version of the HPV vaccine Gardasil protects against nine types of the virus, and is already being used overseas.
Methylprednisolone, the corticosteroid that’s used to treat serious asthma attacks, works by reducing inflammation.
A trial of methylprednisolone in kidney patients was halted recently because of safety concerns. But this doesn't affect people taking the drug for asthma, arthritis or other inflammatory conditions.
People with cystic fibrosis, Australia’s most common inherited condition, have thick mucus, including on the lungs.
Wider availability of the cystic fibrosis drug Kalydeco since May 1, 2017 means younger patients can now access it.
Ayahuasca, a plant-based brew that gives people a psychedelic experience, can be fatal, especially when mixed with other drugs.
Jairo Galvis Henao/flickr
Shaman have used the psychoactive effects of ayahuasca for spiritual and healing purposes for hundreds of years. But a new breed of tourist has discovered this plant-based drug.
Most people who take carfentanil think they’re taking something else, usually heroin.
Carfentanil is an ultra-potent synthetic opioid. Its only legitimate use is in veterinary practice for large animals such as elephants, but it sneaks into heroin shipments to increase its potency.
People who take GHB at dance parties say it makes them feel euphoric and less inhibited. But the drug is easy to overdose on.
It's easy to overdose on the recreational drug GHB, as recent cases in Melbourne show.
Pathogens like malaria get inside our cells - so an antibiotic to combat them needs to as well.
Doxycycline is an antibiotic drug that kills a wide, weird and wonderful range of bugs that are often difficult to treat with other antibiotics.
For people with ADHD, Ritalin helps improve concentration and focus.
Kids in classroom from www.shutterstock.com
Ritalin is the most common brand name for methylphenidate, a stimulant used to treat attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD).
Multiple sclerosis involves the central nervous system, made up of the brain and spinal cord.
Fingolimod is a drug used to treat multiple sclerosis (MS), an autoimmune disease. It is an immunomodulator, which means it works by suppressing the immune system.
Aspirin has an extraordinary history that involves many different discoveries around its many different effects.
What makes aspirin different to other NSAIDs, used to relieve pain, is its ability to thin the blood. It is used to prevent blood clotting in those at risk of heart disease and stroke.
Metformin was originally developed from natural compounds found in the plant known as French lilac.
Metformin has been used to treat diabetes since the late 1950s. It is now on the World Health Organisation's List of Essential Medicines needed for a basic health care system.
Amyl nitrite is a liquid that evaporates at room temperature and is light-sensitive. It’s used as an inhalant and kept in dark bottles so it doesn’t evaporate.
Amyl nitrite is the most well known of a group of chemicals called alkyl nitrates, usually referred to as poppers.
LSD causes euphoria, increased body temperature and hallucinations where some or all of the senses are distorted.
During the 1950s and 1960s, LSD was used more for psychotherapy than recreation. Between 1950 and 1965, many were treated with LSD for alcoholism, depression, schizophrenia, autism and homosexuality.
Legalisation of cannabis for therapeutic use is happening slowly in Australia.
Cannabis has a long history, and its misuse hangs over it like a dark shadow.
A serendipitous discovery that saves millions of lives and garnered two Nobel prizes.
The serendipitous discovery of penicillin is a testament to the importance of observation.
Naloxone has been made available over the counter from a pharmacist so loved-ones of drug users can have it on hand in the event of an overdose.
Naloxone is used as an "antidote" for opioid overdose which includes heroin, and opioid pain medicines such as morphine, fentanyl and codeine.
Addyi (flibanserin) is far from a pink viagra.
The drug's limited effectiveness and side-effects should cause potential users to rethink their purchase.
Teriparatide increases bone mineral density at the spine and hip.
Teriparatide is an injectable drug to treat severe osteoporosis, a condition where mineral loss causes the bones to become brittle and to fracture easily.
Migraine is a severe, often debilitating headache that can affect sight and speech.
Triptans are a group of drugs targeted at alleviating the symptoms of migraine, a severe and often debilitating headache disorder that can affect sight and speech.