Stranger Things is re-writing the 'reference' book on homage and intertextuality.
The mechanical shark used in the 1975 film Jaws.
Tom Simpson/ flickr
The 1975 film Jaws launched the career of a young Steven Spielberg. In this scene, the town's police chief Martin Brody witnesses the shark's brutal attack for the first time - taking the viewer along for the ride.
In virtual reality cinema, the audience chooses what to look at and when. What does this mean for traditional narrative storytelling?
Virtual reality cinema in Amsterdam, The Netherlands, Sander Koning/ANP
VR cinema explodes the frame, placing the spectator inside the space of the film. Audiences effectively edit it themselves, by choosing what to look at and when.
Twentieth Century Fox
It's a million miles from the cartoon capers of James Bond, but remains a familiar tale of good versus evil.
Spoiler: big fish eats a few people then gets killed.
40 years ago, Steven Spielberg's shark attack classic wowed cinemagoers and ushered in the modern blockbuster. It also helped create a climate from which horror has yet to recover.