Industrial vaccine production has enabled mass vaccination campaigns that have reduced infectious diseases.
Recent discoveries on the effects of live attenuated vaccines challenge the current vaccine paradigm and question vaccination policies.
Early indications are that the vaccine has been a reasonably good match in the 2019 season.
The flu vaccine is built on the strains expected to circulate in a given year. While the majority of strains circulating this year are matched in the vaccine, there's one strain we didn't predict.
The flu comes on rapidly and symptoms get worse over the first few days.
The 2018 flu season was mild, while 2017 was a particularly bad year. It's impossible to predict what the 2019 flu season has in store, but we've seen more cases so far this year than usual.
What goes up must come down, and that includes the protection the flu vaccine offers against influenza.
Protection wanes after four or five months, so for most people, it makes sense to get a flu shot in mid to late May or early June so you're protected when the flu season peaks in August or September.
We need a community conversation about balancing the trade-offs.
Australia's college of obstetricians has warned pregnant women against kissing their toddlers on the mouth or sharing food because of the risk of cytomegalovirus (CMV). But is this advice useful?
The Nipah virus in India is just one example of a viral outbreak in 2018.
It doesn't just seem like the world is experiencing more viral infections than before – it's a reality. And the way humans live today helps viruses thrive.
Reuters/ Mike Hutchings
When day zero arrives in Cape Town, the routine surveillance systems that monitor disease outbreaks will be enhanced to pick up new diseases.
Pillbox (illustration only).
A clinical trial currently underway in France could confirm that that HIV treatment can be safely reduced to just four days a week, while maintaining the same efficacy.
To finish, or not to finish, your course of antibiotics? There’s little doubt that you shouldn’t stop midstream.
New reports that stopping antibiotics when you feel better is better for you could do more harm than good. But it has reopened the debate on how long antibiotics should be used.
What can a single person’s flu infection tell you about how the virus changes around the world?
Xue and Bloom
New genetic technologies are letting us look at flu evolution right where it starts: within individual people, while they're sick.
Two-thirds of children have already received antibiotics by the time they are one year old.
If you have a ten-month-old baby, what do you need to know? What do you need to ask your GP about the benefits and risks of antibiotics?
The thing all five viruses have in common is they can cause mild to very severe liver damage.
Hepatitis A, B, C, D and E are very different viruses. Hepatitis A is genetically closer to the common cold than it is to hepatitis B. Hepatitis C is closer to the virus that causes dengue fever.
A virus is essentially an information system (encoded in DNA or RNA) surrounded by a protective coat.
Humans have a deep history of viral infections, the evidence for which dates back to ancient DNA from Egyptian mummies.
The immune system protects us from the constant onslaught of viruses, bacteria and other types of pathogens we encounter throughout life. But it can sometimes misbehave.
Children in particular experience a multitude of viral illnesses during their early years.
Viruses cause all kinds of infections from relatively mild cases of the flu to deadly outbreaks of Ebola. Clearly, not all viruses are equal and one of these differences is when you can infect others.
Viral mutation, or ‘genetic drift’, could impact the viability of some drugs being developed to combat Ebola.
Scientists around the world are trying to develop effective treatments for Ebola infection. But a process of viral mutation, known as "genetic drift", could potentially compromise their efforts.
Only a small proportion of people who eat these berries will become infected.
Food distributor Patties Foods has recalled two brands of frozen mixed berries — Nanna’s and Creative Gourmet — due to reports of three people in Victoria, four in Queensland and two in New South Wales…
Faces by Shutterstock
The extent to which our personalities determine aspects of our lives and health has increasingly been the subject of research over the last few years. There was the suggestion, for example, that being…
Symptoms can occur as soon as 30 minutes after exposure to the culprit organism or toxin.
We’ve all experienced the abdominal cramps and the urge to get to a toilet – quickly! When the stomach and intestinal tract become inflamed, our bodies respond with the sudden onset of diarrhoea, associated…
Fewer Australian babies need to be readmitted to hospital before their first birthday than in the 1990s, a new study suggests…