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Moments after an earthquake in Palu, Friday 29 September 2018, thousands of houses and people in the area were swallowed by the ground because of liquefaction. Mast Irham/EPA

2012 research had identified Indonesian city Palu as high risk of liquefaction

While the term liquafaction has only been widely discussed in Indonesia and the world in the past week, Palu's susceptibility to liquefy had already been studied.
These peatlands burned in Kampar, Riau, Indonesia, on July 24, 2017. Rony Muharrman/Antara Foto via Reuters

More research needed for responsible peatland management in Indonesia

A balanced research program should focus on good and rational peat management efforts that minimise environmental impacts, and on water regulation that reduces the risk of fire.
Petani Bali dengan latar Gunung Agung. Wilayah dengan aktivitas vulkanik yang tinggi adalah wilayah dengan lahan pertanian yang paling subur. Reuters/Darren Whiteside

Letusan Gunung Agung bisa menghasilkan tanah tersubur di dunia

Abu vulkanik menciptakan gangguan bagi petani, karena dapat mengubur lahan pertanian dan merusak tanaman. Namun, dalam jangka panjang, abu akan menciptakan tanah yang paling subur di dunia.
Balinese farmers with Mount Agung in the background. Areas with high volcanic activity also have some of the world’s most fertile farmlands. Reuters/Darren Whiteside

How Mount Agung’s eruption can create the world’s most fertile soil

Volcanic ash can cause a nuisance to farmers, burying agricultural lands and damaging crops. But in the long term, this ash will create highly productive soil that can support huge populations.

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